Why Did the Communist Gain Power in 1949 in China?

Topics: Mao Zedong, Second Sino-Japanese War, Republic of China Pages: 4 (1495 words) Published: November 22, 2010
Why did the Communists gain power in 1949?

In 1949, after a long lasting contest for leadership, the Communists were able to gain power. In 1900, China was ruled by the Manchu dynasty, however less than in half a century a completely new government came into power. The Qing government had already been weak due to European countries because they gained great influence in China’s affair by using forces. They became so unpopular that people plotted to overthrow them. Despite the fact that the revolution of 1911 failed to overthrow them, it made the government collapse. People needed changes. But none of the leadership or the Party government could achieve what they promised in order to make the lives of people better in China. The Communist used clever tactics to achieve their aims and used terror to some extent in places where terror benefits them. They got support of peasant in the countryside easily as Mao Zedong, their leader knew exactly what should be improved or changed, and he understood the need of peasants; as he was peasants as well. Factors such as failures of the Guomindang, Japanese invasion of China, the strengths of the Chinese Communist Party and the characteristics and personal roles of Mao Zedong and Chiang Kai-shek need to be taken into account to understand why the Communists gain power rather than the Guomindang in the Civil War.

As the warlord’s era ended in 1927, the unification of China occurred in 1928 under the rule of Chiang Kai-shek of GMD. But it was not a united China. The China Communist Party retreated to the countryside of Jiangxi and Hunan province. Despite the fact that the Guomindang had much more rule in China, than the Communists did, however, the Guomindang could not control these two provinces and the Communists could win the support of the peasant in Jiangxi and Hunan province. This shows that the Communists were stable and they could control their provinces without the interference of the Guomindang; it shows...
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