Why did civilization first emerge in the Middle East?
The first of civilizations started in the Tigris-Euphrates and Nile valleys. Later, civilizations started spreading along the Nile and then to other parts of the Middle East. The beginning of these civilizations provided a framework for most of the developments in the world. Civilizations that began in the Middle East had some distinct reasons which secured the evolution of these civilizations.
The cradles of civilizations were river valleys where there are lands around the Tigris River, Euphrates River and the Nile River. These lands were rich with good soil from when the rivers get flooded. When the earliest farmers started farming, the flooding of the valleys did not damage than good. It is only when the earliest farmers learned how to control the flooding and adapt. These three rivers carry water from higher land areas to various parts of the dry areas. The land around the rivers was rich but making it flourish requires water to be transferred to the dry areas. The earliest farmers began finding ways to tame and use the rivers through irrigation ditches. These ditches transferred the water to dry parts of the area to make use of every part of the land. Irrigation with the fertile soil of the Tigris-Euphrates region produced large food supplies which helped raise population growth and society expansion.
Other than the booming agriculture, the Tigris-Euphrates river valleys were flourishing with pottery and tool production. The wheel had been invented, the pots and jars were made, and there was an invention of tools, which helped with efficiency. The wheel assisted on faster transportation, pots and jars secured food storage, and the tools made increased food production. These inventions improved earliest civilizations’ economy, production and increased surpluses.
The most successful established civilization was provided by the Sumerians. They were the people who had migrated into the area from the...
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