What is science?
It is hard to answer this question briefly, because the answer to this depends on who you are talking to. Science to some is a collection of isolated and static facts listed in a text book. For other individuals it is something exciting where one discovers the universe and how it works. Science also can be useful knowledge that is powerful and reliable used to develop new technologies, treat diseases, and a tool to solve complex problems. No matter how one looks at science, everyone is a participant in its process. (The Guardian Science Blog 04 March 2009)
What are the features of the scientific methods?
The scientific method offers a few features which can be broken down into seven characteristics. They are: empiricism, verifiability, cumulative, self-correcting, deterministic, ethical/ideological neutrality, statistical generalizability. Empiricism is all things that would deal with empirical phenomena (Ellis Hartley and Walsh pg 16) in other words empiricism can be the hypothesis and it deals with things that one uses their sense such as: things that can be seen, felt, heard, tasted and smelled. Verifiability is the characteristic one uses to confirm or deny your empirical observation, and based on that one can try to repeat the discoveries until it is clear that the innovative report was an error or accurate. This feature allows scientists to verify their findings from other researches. Cumulative aspect allows researchers to start somewhere. This feature is unique because researchers can find out what others already have and gives them the option to add or remove from their research. Self-correcting is the act of identifying and correcting the errors made in the observation. Self-correcting is a great feature because as humans we are never perfect. When errors are made in observations, sooner or later mistakes will be identified (Ellis Hartley and Walsh pg 17). Determinism, although unproven, it is the testifying that the cause is...
References: The Guardian Science Blog 04 March 2009
Lee Ellis, Richard D. Hartley, Anthony Walsh. (2010). Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology . Blue Ridge Summit, PA: Rowmen and Littlefield publishing group.
Little, D., (2007). “The social science disciplines”. Understanding Society
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