Research Process and Terminology
Topics: Scientific method, Research, Sampling / Pages: 4 (1208 words) / Published: Dec 14th, 2014

To be proficient in research, one must know language and process. During this assignment, you will familiarize yourself with research terminology as you use the terms to write your paper.

Prepare a 1,050- to 1,750-word paper in which you describe the research process.
Include the following:

Include new terminology learned from the reading.
How will this new terminology and knowledge apply to a career in criminal justice?
How can not knowing the proper terminology affect you as you conduct criminal justice research?
How will knowing these terms be an asset to you when evaluating and analyzing research studies or data?
Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Research Process and Terminology
CJA/334

Research Process and Terminology
Different research methods used today play a very important role in the criminal justice system. Using effective methods gives people the ability to open and close cases. People interested in the criminal justice field have the ability to use wide ranges of research methods at their disposal.
The research process consists of multiple steps and sub-steps for an effective outcome. For an accurate result, one must try to avoid biases and pursue accuracy in his or her research to produce an accurate result. The research process begins with a theory. According to Hagan (2010), theories “are usually general or broad statements regarding the relationship between variables (p. 16). A theory does not necessarily have to have proof to back it up, following steps in the research process can give credence to a theory and may be able to prove the theory to be fact. A theory can transition into a hypothesis, which according to Hagan (2010), “are specific statements regarding the relationship between variables and are derived from more general theories” (p. 16).
The next steps in the research process are research design and data gathering (Hagan, 2010). A researcher can choose between an experimental and a non-experimental



References: Bennett, J. O., Briggs, W. L., & Triola, M. F. (2009). Statistical reasoning for everyday life (3rd ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson/Addison Wesley. Hagan, F. E. (2010). Research methods in criminal justice and criminology (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson. Schmalleger, F. (2012). Criminology today: An integrative introduction (6th ed.). Boston, MA: Prentice Hall.

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