2nd/4th Quarter Benchmark Study Guide
Part 1 – 12%
Unit Standard: 12.4 Students analyze the unique roles and responsibilities of the three branches of government established by the U.S. Constitution. 12.4.5 Discuss Article lll of the Constitution as it relates to judicial power, including the length of terms of judges and the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court. Reference: Chapter 18 (pages 506-511; 517-522)

Identify the subject and the key components of Article III of the constitution: - Article III - _________________
o Length of term:
o Court jurisdiction:

- How can a Supreme Court decision be overturned?

Part 2 – 8.5%
Unit Standard: 12.2 Students evaluate and take and defend positions on the scope and limits of rights and obligations as democratic citizens, the relationships among them, and how they are secured 12.2.1 Discuss the meaning and importance of each of the rights guaranteed under the Bill of Rights and how each is secured (e.g., freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, petition, privacy). 12.2.4 Understand the Obligations of civic-mindedness, including voting, being informed on civic issues, volunteering and performing public service, and serving in the military or alternative service. 12.2.5 Describe the reciprocity between the rights and obligations; that is, why enjoyment of ones rights entails respect for the rights of others. Reference: Chapters 19-21 & 6

Identify all ten Bill of Rights and how the government (including local authorities such as police) maintain them: - 1st
o religion
▪ Establishment Clause –
▪ Free Exercise Clause –
o speech
o press
o assembly
o petition
o privacy
- 2nd
- 3rd
- 4th
- 5th
- 6th
- 7th
- 8th
- 9th
- 10th

What restrictions exist within the Bill of Rights?
- Near v. Minnesota

What are the rights of the accused?
- Habeas Corpus
- Bills of Attainder
- Ex Post Facto Laws
- Miranda v. Arizona

What does “obligation opposed to civic mindedness” mean?

Part 3 – 17%
Unit Standard: 12.3 Students evaluate and take and defend positions on what are the fundamental values and principles of civil society are (e.g., the autonomous sphere of voluntary personal, social, and economic relations that are not part of government), their interdependence, and the meaning and importance of those values and principles for a free society. 12.3.1 Explain how civil society provides opportunities for individuals to associate for social, cultural, religious, economic, and political purposes. 12.3.2 Explain how civil society makes it possible for people, individually or in association with others, to bring their influence to bear on government in ways other than voting and elections. Reference Chapters 3, 8, 9, 19,

How does lobbying and interest groups influence the outcome of elections and political policy?

Other than voting, how can the American public influence the government?

What are some of the different polls and how do they impact policy?

How can citizens change laws?

Part 4 – 20%
Unit Standard: 12.5 Students summarize landmark U.S. Supreme Court interpretations of the Constitution and its amendments. 12.5.1 Understand the changing interpretations of the Bill of Rights over time, including interpretations of the basic freedoms (religion, speech, press, petition, and assembly) articulated in the First Amendment and the due process and equal-protection-of-the-law clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment. Reference Chapters 19 & 21

What was the result of the Schneck v. United States (1919) ruling?

Describe the 14th Amendment:

- What does “due processs” mean?

- What does “equal-protection-of-the-law” mean?

- How are the following Supreme Court cases related to the 14th...
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