Wealth and Economic Development influences on fertility and mortality rates

Topics: Demography, Population, Demographic economics Pages: 3 (1492 words) Published: October 27, 2014

Wealth and Economic Development
and their influences on fertility and mortality rates
UWI Mona

Economic development is a phenomenon that has been discussed, debated about over the years, however; a conclusive process has not been developed as to how it can be attained. The main goal of economic development is improving the economic well being of a community through efforts that entail job creation, job retention, tax base enhancements and quality of life (Harrison 1992). Economic development ultimately speaks about a country’s wealth and it influences fertility and mortality rates and the “how” will be discussed in the scope of this essay. The more developed a country is the lower their mortality and fertility rates would be while if they are less developed the factors would be higher. These are considered to be indicators of development and one such model that depicts this is known as the Demographic Transition model. This model was proposed by Warren Thompson in 1929 and was based on interpretations of demographic history where he observed changes or transitions in birth and death rates in industrialized societies. When birth rates exceed death rates the population will grow and fertility rates are closely related to birth rates and is often a more useful measure as it is unaffected by the age distribution of the population (Haupt et al 2004). Fertility rate is defined as the average number of children born to each woman over the course of her life (Haupt et al 2004). Looking more closely at the correlation between economic development and fertility rates using empirical data you can see where one influences another. High fertility rates can put a strain on governments experiencing such situations. High fertility rates in less developed countries occur because of high infant mortality. In poor agrarian societies, fatalism is prominent. Most people’s livelihoods are dependent upon the weather, disease, and accident because they lack the...

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