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We Stand for White Supremacy

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We Stand for White Supremacy
"We Stand for White Supremacy":
A Dilemma for a Ku Klux Klan Member
Introduction to Literature
Race is a very complex and conflicted issue that has faced our country for quite sometime. The influence of racism and racial prejudice is constantly reflected throughout many different means; media, music, and literature (Brown, 1999). Racism is an attitude, an action, or an institutional organization that subordinates individuals or groups of individuals because of physical characters, such as skin color and body features (Brown, 1999, p.88). Racism has also been thought of a multidimensional construct in that the cognitive, affective, and behavioral aspect of one 's personality is targeted to negatively influence other lives.

There are many white supremacy groups that are changing as their culture is transforming into decentralized and non-traditional organizations. Their have been a modification in the individuals allowed to join these groups, how these groups operate, and the possibility of getting out once a member (Kreger, 2003). Youth and college educated members are becoming more well-known in the culture, as well as a rise in female indoctrination into more and more white supremacy groups (Kreger, 2003).

About 25,000 Americans can be considered hardcore ideological activists for the white supremacy movement which only counts for a small portion of the white population (Blee, 2002). There are close to 300 white cultural and religious organizations, yet none of the orders seem to compare. The following is a list of the current and major active white supremacy groups:
 Aryan Nation
 The Holy Order
 The Silent Brotherhood
 Church of the Creator
 Ku Klux Klan (KKK)
 Neo-Nazi Party
 Skinheads
 United Whites Peoples ' Party
These groups have been known to have great hate for all who are not white and have strong philosophies on white ethnicity and orientation (Blee, 2002). Different



References: Almaguer, T. (1994). Racial Fault Lines: The Historical Origins of White Supremacy in California. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press. Blee, K.M. (2002). Inside Organized Racism. Women in the Hate Movement. Ewing, NJ: University of California Press. Retrieved on December 11, 2005 from http://www.site.ebrary.com/lib/capella Bostdorff, D.M Brown, S.P. (1999). Racism and White Counselor Training: Influence of White Racial Identity Theory and Research. Journal of Counseling & Development, 77, pp.87-92. Carr, C. (2005). Our Town: A Heartland Lynching, a Haunted Town, and the Hidden History of White America, Publishers Weekly, Vol. 252, Issue 39 Code of Ethics (2005) Constantine, M.G. (2001). Multicultural training: Theoretical orientation, empathy, and multicultural case conceptualization ability in counselors. Journal of Mental Health Counseling: 23 (4), pg. 357. Dixon, T Ezekiel, R.S. (1995). The Racist Mind: Portraits of American Neo-Nazis and Klansmen. New York, NY: Penguin Books USA Inc. Gushue, G. V. & Sciarra, D.T. (2003). White racial identity development and religious orientation. Alexandria: Vol. 81 (4), pg. 473 Helms, J.E Kiselica, M.S. (1998). Preparing Anglos for the challenges and joys of Multiculturalism. The Counseling Psychologist, 26, 5-21 Kreger, C Locke, D.C. & Kiselica M.S. (1999). Pedagogy of Possibilities: Teaching about Racism in Multicultural Counseling Courses. Journal of Counseling and Development, 78, pp. 80-86. "The Making of a White Supremacist" (2001). Minorities. Greenhaven Press, Inc.: San Diego, CA. pp. 40-44. Marshall, S. (2004). SPC Series: Difference and Discrimination in Psychotherapy and Counseling. London, GBR: Sage Publications, Inc. pp. vii-41. Niderost, E. (2005). The Birth of a Nation. American History, Vol. 40, Issue 4. "The Penitent" (2005). Intelligence Report. Retrieved on December 10, 2005 from http://www.splcenter.org/intel/intelreport/article.jsp?aid=568 Richmond, L.J Ross, L.J. (1994). White Supremacy in the 1990 's. Retrieved on October 14, 2005 from http://www.nwcitizen.com/publicgood/report/whitesup.htm Sandberg, J Schafer, J. R., & Navarro, J. (2003). The Seven-Stage Hate Model The Psychopathology of Hate Groups, FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin,Vol. 72, Issue 3 Smith, E.J Sue, D.W., and Sue, D. (2005). Counseling the Culturally Diverse: Theory and Practice (4th Ed.). Danvers, MA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Williams, M.E Williams, M.E. (2002). The White Separatist Movement. San Diego, CA: Greenhaven Press, Inc. Wise, T. (2005). White like me: Reflections of race from a privileged son. New York, NY: Soft Skull Press.

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