Utilitarianism Vs Hedonism

Topics: Ethics, Happiness, Utilitarianism Pages: 6 (1337 words) Published: June 19, 2015


As a person, does a person have to suffer in order to know what true happiness is? Does a person have to lack of physical or spiritual things in order to know what real pleasure is? What is pleasure? What is happiness? For hedonism philosophers, the main goal has been to reach a state of form of pleasure, while for utilitarianism philosophers the ultimate goal in life is to find happiness. Both, which seem reasonable goals to live by each day. But what does hedonism and utilitarianism mean, what is happiness, would either approve of Nozick’s Experience Machine in order to achieve happieness or pleasure? In this paper, I will explain how utilitarianism and hedonism works, what are their philosophies and will argue if either one would approve...

Singer defines utilitarianism as also what is ought to be done right ethically; “"If a being suffers there can be no moral justification for refusing to take that suffering into consideration. No matter what the nature of the being, the principle of equality requires that its suffering be counted equally with the like suffering—insofar as rough comparisons can be made—of any other being." (Singer p.8) , and this should bring happiness to a person. The fact that the right thing is being done, and a being suffering is being prevented, that should bring enough happiness. For example, he believes that a person should give ninety percent of what someone earns, and live only on their ten percent; that being the way in which he lives. He has a website which helps several causes and helps prevent pain, suffering and death. In this website, a person can donate their money, and by doing so, people’s lives, or whichever organization a person chooses can make an...

At least for not for a person’s whole life. How can a person know what pleasure is, when they have never experienced pain. According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary pain means “the physical feeling caused by disease, injury or something that hurts the body” (Merriam Webster), while emotional or mental pain is “sadness caused by some emotional or mental problem” (Merriam Webster) or just pain in general meaning when “someone or something that causes trouble or makes you feel annoyed or angry” (Merriam Webster). Inside the Experience Machine, according to Nozcik, why would a person feel “distress at all” if the decision a person made “is the best one?” Therefore, technically according, there would be no such thing as...
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