Jim Wishloff's Article
Utilitarianism is a theory in normative ethics holding that the proper course of action is the one that maximizes utility, usually defined as maximizing happiness and reducing suffering. Utilitarian ethics emphasizes the consequences of our acts. From the utilitarian perspective, there is no mystery about ethics; the right act is simply the act that produces the greatest balance of pleasure over suffering.
the moral worth of an action is determined only by its resulting outcome, although there is debate over how much consideration should be given to actual consequences, foreseen consequences and intended consequences.
In Utilitarianism we should maintain that for every act we consider, we should determine whether it is right or wrong, by knowing its possible consequences.
Utilitarianism is the natural way of thinking, that is based on out natural desire for happiness. It seeks to promote happiness of the greater number of people. It somehoe promotes selflessness that can make us easy to understand and easy to apply the laws of Utilitarianism. Utilitarianism promotes equality and welfare of everyone and thus they are considered to be equally important.
Kantian Ethics is somehow based on duty. It is based on the view that the only intrinsically good thing is a good will; therefore an action can only be good if its maxim, the principle behind it, is duty to the moral law.
Kant believed that certain types of actions (including murder, theft, and lying) were absolutely prohibited, even in cases where the action would bring about more happiness than the alternative.
Deontological theories of ethics assume that the first task of ethics is to determine what we are obligated to do. By doing our duty, we do what is valuable; not the other way around. Kant's ethics is called formalism because it focuses on the form or structure of a moral judgment, the fact that all moral...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document