1.1 Explain how sleep contributes to an individual’s well-being sleep is essential for our health and wellbeing. It allows our body to rejuvenate and restore itself. It helps the body to create new cells. Sleep deprivation is one of the biggest causes of premature aging. Tiredness can significantly affect your mood and how you feel. Sleep can help lower blood pressure and elevated levels of stress hormones. Your cardiovascular system is constantly under pressure and sleep helps to reduce the levels of stress and inflammation in your body. High levels of "inflammatory markers" are linked to heart disease and strokes. Sleep can also help keep blood pressure and cholesterol levels (which play a role in heart disease) in check.
1.2 Identify reasons why an individual may find it hard to sleep. Sleep difficulty can arise when someone is experiencing prolonged stress or feelings of anxiety. Physical health problems such as pain, asthma or heart disease. Environmental factors such as noise, an uncomfortable bed or being too hot or cold. Lifestyle habits, for example not having a regular sleep routine, eating late at night, drinking excessive amounts of alcohol or using stimulants such as nicotine.
1.3 describe the possible short-term and long-term effects on an individual who is unable to sleep well.
Short term effects: They include the inability to problem solve or make decisions, hallucinations, slower reaction times, disorientation, falling asleep, and tremors. People who don't get enough sleep can get sick more easily. With less sleep, the body is unable to produce white cells as well as it should, making the immune system more vulnerable to attack. The short-term effects of a sleeping disorder can include fatigue and a lack of alertness, as well as short-term memory loss.
Long term effects: lack of sleep can cause numerous issues including: heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, over eating,