UNIT 302 SCHOOLS AS ORGANISATIONS July 2014

Topics: Primary school Pages: 5 (2166 words) Published: February 4, 2015
UNIT 302 SCHOOLS AS ORGANISATIONS
Please write out each question in full including the reference numbers.

Question 1
The education system in England can be quite complex. Research and summarise your findings on: (1.1,1.2,1.3) 1. EYFS – As part of the Childcare Act 2006 and Every Child Matters agenda all 3 and 4 year olds in England receive the entitlement of up to 15 hours free per week Early Years education. This is funded by the government to ensure that every child receives up to 2 years free education before reaching school. Within the English school setting the Foundation curriculum runs from the ages of 3 to 5 years, this places the children within a school nursery setting, or within the reception class. In September 2012 the Early Years Foundation Stage was revised. This was done so that there was one set of standards for Framework for Learning, Development and Care, for all children from birth age right through to the end of the reception year. Learning within the EYFS department is usually done in the following way, there is normally a focus on a topic such as dinosaurs, while working on this topic the adults work alongside the children on their particular activity, this could be doing a number exercise for example counting how many dinosaurs they are playing with. Children also have what is called ‘choosing time’ within my setting, this is when the children select what activity they wish to be doing, from a variety of activities set out by the class teacher or teaching assistant. These activities could be for example, painting, outdoor play, and role-play corner, reading corner or the writing table. By letting the children have ‘choosing time’ this encourages them to make their own decisions. Within Early years they have two areas of learning, prime areas of learning which covers Communication and Language, Physical Development and Personal, Social and Emotional development. Then there are specific areas of learning, specific areas are designed to use skills which children develop in the prime areas and the specific areas are, Literacy, Mathematics, Understanding of the world and Expressive arts.

2. National Curriculum Primary – The primary stage of school covers Key Stage 1 and 2, children’s age will range from 5 years up to 11 years. Within the primary curriculum there are compulsory subjects that must be taught to children of primary school age. These subjects are English, Mathematics, Science, Art and Design, Computing – ICT (schools can develop their own ICT curricular or follow the programmes of study), Design and Technology, Geography, History, Music and Physical Education. Religious Education is taught to primary school aged children but parents can ask for their children to be taken out of the whole lesson or part of it, an example of this being if the children are doing a Christmas play, if a child’s family where Jehovah’s Witnesses they may not want their child involved in this as they do not celebrate Christmas. Within Key Stage 1 they have to do Tasks and Tests covering the following areas, Reading, Writing, Speaking and Listening, Maths and Science. These Tasks and Tests do not have a set date when they are to be done, this decision is taking by the school. The teacher will look at each child individually and will use their spoken work and homework to work out what level the child has achieved in each area. Key Stage 2 has to cover tests in the following areas, English reading, English grammar, punctuation and spelling, Math including mental arithmetic. During Mid-May these tests are taken and last just under five and a half hours in total. If the Head teacher feels a child is demonstrating a higher than average achievement they can put them in for extra tests. When a child reaches the end of Key Stage 2 the teacher will report on every child’s progress in English, Maths and Science.

3. National Curriculum Secondary education. – Within...
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