unit 11 p4/p5

Topics: Abuse, Discrimination, Disability Discrimination Act 1995 Pages: 7 (1905 words) Published: May 28, 2014

Title of Legislation, Policy/ Procedure
Date of Legislation
Description
How it protects vulnerable adults
Human Rights Act
1998
Human rights are legal obligations that must be obeyed by all public bodies and local everyone has the right to: Fairness, Respect, Equality, Dignity and Respect for their Personal Autonomy, and freedom from: torture, degrading treatment, slavery (forced labour), thought, belief, religion and expression. It gives them legal rights and gives them some protection from physical and discriminatory abuse, it also allows them to disclose abuse and have the same rights to all services that all non-disabled people have. Health and Safety at Work Act (HASAWA)

1974
The Health and Safety at Work act is about stopping people getting hurt or injured or ill through the work that they do. HASAWA also states that the employer is responsible for the health and safety of all their employees. Helps protect vulnerable adults in places such as care homes against physical abuse and neglect. This includes things like having proper working equipment and not having faulty equipment. For example, if a member of staff puts someone in a hoist and it isn’t working properly and the person is injured because of the faulty equipment, then this would be neglect because the member of staff wasn’t attending to the person’s needs. Care Standards Act

2000
This is an act that makes sure all institutions, such as hospitals and nursing homes, have a high standard of care. If they don’t meet this standard and they are inspected, measures will be put on them being closed down. This act protects people against neglect in all places where people are cared for because it sets out a standard of care that must be abided by to protect people from being neglected, because if the standard of care isn’t high enough, then the company or organisation can be prosecuted. Data Protection Act

1998
This act protects people’s data, whether it is stored electronically or in paper form. It makes sure their personal information is kept confidential. There are laws on protecting and sharing people’s information without their consent. The Data Protection Act helps protect peoples’ personal information confidentially in a secure place .For example, locked cabinets or on a data base. Only designated people are allowed to view and access personal information such as banks or doctors. It protects people from humiliation and financial abuse because only people who need to see someone’s personal/private information will be able to do so. Mental Capacity Act (MCA)

2007
Makes it clear who can make decisions for others in different situations, and how they must go about it. Anyone who works with or cares for an adult who lacks mental capacity must comply with the MCA when making decisions or acting on behalf of that person. This applies whether decisions are life changing events or every day matters and is relevant to adults of any age, regardless of when they lost capacity. This Act supports vulnerable adults by designating certain people to make decisions for their physical, emotional and mental wellbeing. As well as protecting them from being neglected because it makes sure all the decisions are made in the persons best interest not because the designated person wanted it for them. Disability Discrimination Act

Amended
2005
This is an act which ensures that anyone who has a disability in any form is protected from being discriminated against. Discrimination is where a prejudgement or unjust assumption is made about someone’s capabilities. The DDA gives people protection at work and in public places against discrimination linked to any disability they have and awards them the same rights as non-disabled people. It makes sure disabled people have access to the workplace and public places, for example by having lifts and wheelchair ramps. Care Homes for Older

People : National Minimum Standards and the Care Home Regulations 2003 2003
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