There are many different sociological approaches towards health and ill health and they can be used in many different scenarios, such as the scenario of Aziz and Tamsela. Aziz and Tamsela have 4 young children and Tamsela’s parents are also living with them. Their house only has 3 bedrooms so will be cramped and over crowed since there is eight people living in a tiny house. Their house is in a poverty-stricken and discouraging part of London. Also, their house is in a bad state as it is damp and they find it quite costly to keep the house warm in winter since Aziz and Tamsela both don’t have a job.
The whole family are in poor health as Aziz and Tamsela’s children seem to have a permanent cold all through winter. Tamsela is asthmatic and her father is suffering from bronchitis. Tamsela’s mother is depressed and she has been prescribed anti-depressant drugs for her condition.
The Functionalist approach to health and ill health is that if you are ill it must be managed so hardly anyone is released from their responsibilities in society all at once. Functionalists contend that an excessively large definition of illness would disturb the workings of society. Basically, someone is only really ill if they can’t do some of their daily activities because of their illness. They see ill health as being a bad thing for society.
Functionalist approach to the scenario would be that Tamsela might not actually be classed as being ill as long as she herself feels fine and her asthma isn’t too bad; if she is still able to get on with her daily activities then she will be fine and will be able to continue as normal. Tamsela’s father would be classed as being ill since his bronchitis will make him very ill, so ill that he won’t be able to do his daily activities so will need to go and get some help from a doctor to help him to make a quick recovery so he can get back to normal and do his