Understanding the Significance of Nuclear Energy

Topics: Nuclear power, Nuclear fission, Uranium Pages: 5 (1621 words) Published: April 26, 2011
Essay Outline:
I. Introduction:
A.Background Information. In the past 10 years the usage of nuclear energy has become one of the most polarizing issues of the world. Especially in the Middle East when a country reveals information about its nuclear program, the west considers this country as a threat and tries all possible ways to stop this program. B.Thesis Statement. Nuclear energy is a double edged sword. It is every country’s right to own nuclear weapons as a defence mechanism against any outside threat. A country that owns a nuclear weapon is feared and respected by all other countries and no one will think of starting a war or getting into a political or cultural chaos with this nation. Apart from nuclear energy being used to manufacture weapons of mass destruction, it can also be used to generate electricity more reliably, and it’s considered to be the fuel of the future. It also can be used by humans for the treatment of cancer or for diagnosis. II. Paragraph 1:

A.Topic Sentence: Waste products which are produced after generation of nuclear power last for thousands of years. B.Refutation: 1. Actually releases smaller amount radioactive contamination than a coal fired of the same size.

2. Reduce dependence on foreign oil/ fuel. Uranium available domestically and in oceans.
3. Nuclear plants do not emit any harmful gases into the environment. III. Paragraph 2:
A.Topic Sentence: Countries should not own nuclear weapons as this puts the world in danger and risk of a third world war.
B.Refutation: 1. Nuclear weapons give power to a country and make it feared and respected by other countries.
2. Can be used as a powerful negotiation tool. 3. Prevents wars
IV. Paragraph 3:
A.Topic Sentence: Workers in nuclear plants may be exposed to high levels of radiation, which can cause health issues such as cancer. B.Refutation: 1. Nuclear energy can be used to treat cancer. 2. It can be used for research and diagnostic purposes. 3. It can be used to sterilize medical supplies. VI. Conclusion:

1. Summary of the main thoughts of the article
2. Advantages and disadvantages

Nuclear Energy
Energy consumption has become a necessity and an important part of our daily life in the past 10 years. It seems that the world is looking for an energy source that is cleaner, cheaper and more efficient and since nuclear energy has emerged it has become the forerunner for alternative energy sources. ‘As of 2004, nuclear power provided 6.5% of the world's energy and 15.7% of the world's electricity, with the U.S., France, and Japan together accounting for 57% of nuclear generated electricity’ (‘Nuclear energy facts’ 2007). Nuclear energy can be a doubled edged sword as it can be used for peaceful uses or used to manufacture weapons of mass destruction which can put the world in danger. As more countries begin to use nuclear energy, especially in the Middle East, fears of the countries in the west increases as they cannot be sure if their intentions are for peaceful uses or military uses. Many people argue that the main problem with nuclear power plants is the radioactive waste it leaves behind which have no use. ‘A typical nuclear power plant in a year generates 20 metric tons of used nuclear fuel. The nuclear industry generates a total of about 2,300 metric tons of used fuel per year’ (‘Nuclear Waste: Amounts and On-Site Storage’). There are mainly two types of radioactive wastes, low-level waste and high level waste. Low level wastes are ordinary items that come in contact with some radiation and are generated anywhere radioisotopes are used or produced such as a hospital. High level waste is the actual...

References: Gabbard, A. (2008, February 5) ‘Coal Combustion: Nuclear Resource or Danger’
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