There are many different leadership and management theories, some of which may appear contradictory. The Author will briefly outline why they think there are so many different theories and the differences and similarities between managing and leading and how this contributes to such a vast literature on leadership and management. The Author will outline how theoretical ideas about leadership and management have changed over time using wider reading and module material from chapters 2 and 3; Leading, Managing, Caring: understanding leadership and management in health and social care. Throughout this assignment the author will critically evaluate whether it is useful or confusing for a manager or leader in health and social care to have so many different theories to draw on. The Author will provide evidence and justify arguments drawing on the module materials and from wider reading. The Author will end by detailing a strong conclusion that demonstrates the evidence the Author has found followed by a list of references to close.
I believe there are many different styles of leadership and management theories as management and leadership have been defined in many different ways. The theorists each had their own definition of leadership and management from perspectives, behaviours, traits and situations and the development of concepts (e.g. charismatic and transformational). The different theories focuses on different tools and personal qualities of successful managers and leaders, with little critical analysis of the organisational context they may be working in (Chapter 1, Preparing to lead, page2) . Henri Fayol, (1949, cited in Fells, 2000) described a classical description of management, he defined five basic functions of a management job; planning, organising, commanding, coordinating and controlling (Chapter 2, The Proactive Manager, page 42). Bennis "on becoming a leader" (1989, 44-45)