Two Party System in the Philippines

Topics: Elections, Political party, Democracy Pages: 5 (1604 words) Published: September 23, 2013
1. The two-party system should be adopted in the Philippines substituting the multi-party system that our government is currently adhering to because of the following justifications: a. The two-party system is a more efficient mechanism in creating a more effective government as compared to the multi-party system that the Philippines are currently adopting. In a political environment created by a two-party system, the objective and ideology of each of the two major parties is clearly identifiable. Consequently, the policies that that will be forwarded after the elections will be in congruence to such ideology thus creating a more stable and effective government governed by a single party. This system immediately produces a government after elections thus maintaining the continuous and smooth flow of the government rendering the services to the constituents. The multi-party system on the other hand is a failure when it comes to the generation of an immediate and effective government after elections. There is a possibility that creation and implementation of policies will be delayed because the political environment created by such system demands the formulation of a consensus between the winning parties, which actually takes a lot of time and arbitrary efforts. This is very much evident in the Philippines given that key government positions starting from the president down to the local level are not controlled only by a single party. Winning politicians often comes from different political parties and actually uphold different political interests and ideologies that they ought to promote and support. In such case, performance of the government as a whole is often affected. The more time that the government delays its policy implementation, the more possibility that our economy and performance as a nation will lag behind. That a lagging economy and policy implementation will result into more state problems on queue is the consequence that will trickle down to the smallest sectors of the society which are more vulnerable to such problems. In a third world country like the Philippines, speedy establishment of the government after election is an issue that will be effectively addressed by the two-party system. b. The two-party system also upholds the principle of government’s accountability to the people which is not often, or worse, not at all observed in the current Philippine politics. The governmental structure fomented under the two-party system makes the tracing of accountability more feasible and possible for the electorate. Since such system produces a government ruled by a single political party supporting definite policies and ideologies, the responsibility is clearly identifiable by the people who voted the candidates of the party into position. This means that in cases where the government failed to do what it ought to do, the people can easily identify the single party ruling the government as the culprit to such failure. That is clearly a demonstration of accountability at its best. In contrary, the current political system in the Philippines most of the time fails to uphold such principle. Because the government is formed by leaders belonging to a wide array of political parties, the responsibility is often obfuscated and accountability becomes a matter of to-what-party-does-this-dumbass-politician-belong. Because the government is made up of layers of pol. parties, it demands too much effort for the electorate to penetrate the system and determine who’s accountable for the government’s performance. By adopting the two-party system, this layer would be eradicated making accountability a feasible priority of the government. c. The two-party system also becomes a vanguard against extreme politics, which is very ubiquitous in the status quo (current Philippine setting). This is because all main parties in the two-party system is given the chance to govern and thus, avoid extreme claims. This means that because the...
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