What is a newsroom?
A newsroom can be defined as: "an office at a television or radio station or a newspaper where news is gathered and reports are prepared for broadcasting or publishing."
“The newsroom is a living, breathing organism, with each department separately working toward the same goal of putting a functioning show together, much like a body’s different organs. However, with the amount of people we have in the newsroom fluctuating throughout the day, some of which are moving from one position to another all within the same show, it can become very easy to get lost in the sea of different voices or lose control of such a large news team. Nick Edmonds, Annerberg TV news
Who is in the newsroom?
The number of jobs and people working in the newsroom vary depending on the media outlet. In smaller media outlets, at suburban weekly newspapers for example the newsroom will probably feature only a couple of journalists and a photographer. Sometimes the editor will be there, although in many suburban newspapers the editor has a roving role overseeing a number of newspapers in different offices.
In larger media outlets, such as metropolitan newspapers, radio or television, the newsroom is much bigger, with a larger staff of people. They can include:
· Camera operators.
· Sound and lighting technicians.
· Editing room staff (where television and radio stories are cut and compiled).
· Sub-editors (who edit newspaper journalists' stories and check them for any legal, factual or other problems before publication).
· Receptionists and News Desk coordinators.
· Archive or Library staff (sometimes)
· Graphic designers
· Editors or chiefs of staff - either in charge of sections of the media's coverage, or of its overall coverage.
FUNCTIONING OF A NEWSROOM
The newsroom is where the stories are gathered, written, put together, edited and assembled for the news broadcast, telecast or newspaper.
Each newsroom has differences - they can be slight or significant.
Not only are there differences between newsrooms of similar media outlets (for example, different newspapers) but there are larger differences between, say, television and newspaper newsrooms.
Only by working with an individual media outlet and developing a solid relationship over time can your organisation gain a little more insight into how it operates.
Generally, a newsroom works along these lines:
· Stories come into the newsroom - this can occur in a number of ways, some of which are:
· Through tip-offs from contacts, or press releases
· Through coverage of newsworthy events, activities and occasions.
· From story leads followed-up by journalists.
· From issues or stories the editors, producers or chiefs-of-staff themselves want covered.
· From calls by journalists chasing up new angles on current stories.
· As this pool of stories develops, journalists are either assigned stories by editors or, in some smaller media organisations, cover the stories themselves.
· This is done either by attending the event or through phone or face-to-face interviews or the use of press releases.
· At times they may use archival material, such as old photographs, footage or sound, which is stored in written archives or on computer.
· At this time photographers, camera operators, sound and lighting technicians come into play.
· In larger print media organisations, the visuals for stories can be organised through the photographic editor.
· Often TV camera crews are assigned jobs through the editor or chief-of-staff after they have looked at the pool of stories.
· In smaller organisations like suburban newspapers, journalists and photographers often liaise directly...
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