"Timeline Rise and Fall of Roman Empire - Google Search." Timeline Rise and Fall of Roman Empire - Google Search. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2014.
Roman roads were very important to the empire and its development. They were built from about 500 BC through the expansion of the Roman Empire. They provided a way of transportation on land for armies, officials and civilians, and a path to trade goods. This helped the people navigate where they are going and stay on track. This also was a great way to transport goods across land from place to place. There were many different types of Roman roads; there were small local roads, long-distance, and highways. These major roads were often stone-paved and metaled and were lined by footpaths and drainage ditches. They were laid on leveled area, and some were cut through hills, or conducted over rivers making bridges. Some parts were even supported over marsh lands. These roads were created at the peak of Rome's development, there were about twenty-nine military highways leading to the capital, and the Empire's one hundred and thirteen city-states were interconnected by around three hundred and seventy-two main roadways. In all, there were over four hundred thousand kilometers of land being obtained by the Roman roads. Twenty one thousand kilometers of road are said to have been improved.
Pax Romana means “Roman peace” in Latin and it was the long period of peace and minimal expansion by military force was experienced by the Roman Empire in the first and second centuries AD. The people acknowledged that the true principles of their social life, laws, agriculture, and science, which had been first invented by the wisdom of Athens and were now established by the power of Rome. Pax Romana was established by Augustus and is sometimes called Pax Augusta. Augustus was the one who laid the foundation for this period of “peace,” which also extended to Persia and North Africa. The empire protected and governed individual city-states, allowing each to make and administer its own laws although still having military control and Roman taxation. The Pax Romana didn’t mean Rome was at peace with the people it bordered. In Rome, peace meant that the army stationed mostly away from the heart of the Empire, and instead, the army men were stationed at the locations where they thought the people were most likely to cause trouble. Then, when the soldiers retired, they would most likely settle in the place where they had been stationed.
One of the main reasons that the Mediterranean Sea was important to the development of the Roman Empire was that it was much more fast and safe than land transportation. Although the Romans were well advanced in road building, and had a very useful postal system, it would still take two to three months for messages to travel from Rome to different capitols. It was also much harder to transport big quantities of trade goods over land. Not only was the Mediterranean Sea helpful involving trade routes, but it was a great food resource, providing fish and other marine animals.
In 450 BC, after a revolt of Plebians who felt they were entitled to know and be able to interpret the code of laws, the Twelve Tables were established. It was a ten-man commission with extraordinary powers, which set the main basis of law for all Roman citizens. There were tables that covered all areas of the law, emphasizing the punishment that was to be given for various crimes. They made the law somewhat equal, supposedly, to all citizens but people who were wealthy generally found ways to escape judgment. The wealthy had control of most of the legal customs leading to the establishment of the Twelve Tables and even after they still kept their influence in the Roman courts. The laws of the Twelve Tables were never repealed but some were just not used as the centuries passed. The USA also...
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