When the western powers moved forward to South Africa, they cast a forceful impact on South Africa¡¯s tribal system, and caused the tribal system to disintegrate. The tribal system relied on the family as the basic unit for survival. The mass exodus of young people left their agricultural communities and immigrating to Johannesburg to seek low paid jobs, likes miners, etc. These people pulled their family apart, forgot their customs and never came back to their home. When families were broken, the tribal system broke as well. In 1948, the Nationalist Party won the election and created the system of strict racial segregation known as apartheid. Under this oppression, many natives resorted to a life of crime in order to try and improve their social position. Some white people thought apartheid was not a long-term solution for natives¡¯ problem. So, they stood out and helped the black people to solve their problems. In the novel, ¡°Cry, The Beloved Country,¡± Alan Paton showed the way those white and black people struggled for justice, and their dreams of reuniting families and their nation by comparing the stories of Kumalo and Jarvis. Kumalo was a poor black priest whose sorrows and family tragedies symbolized the suffering natives in South Africa, and Jarvis was a conservative rich landowner who symbolized those rich white people that had sympathy to the blacks and hoped to improve things in South Africa. Paton portrayed a picture of human relationships that showed how pain, suffering and love can bring people together to improve the natives¡¯ lives, to regain their social equality and to reunite their broken families and their nation. First of all, Kumalo and Jarvis both suffered the loss of their sons. Kumalo went all the way from Ixopo to Johannesburg to look for his separated relatives in order to bring them back to recreate the tribal system. When Kumalo finally saw his son, Absalom, in prison, he found out his son was guilty of murdering a...
Cited: Paton, Alan. Cry, The Beloved Country. 1948. New York: Scribner Paperback Fiction,
Simon & Schuster, 1987.
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