The Technological Advancements and Trade Offs of the Global Positioning System and Subsystems

Topics: Global Positioning System, Federal government of the United States, Surveillance Pages: 40 (15385 words) Published: January 21, 2013
The Technological Advancements and Trade Offs of
The Global Positioning System and Subsystems

Table of Contents
I. Background and Brief Description –
a. Sputnik 1957 (Science that Drove the Technology)
b. Applications of the Technology
II. History of the Technology –
a. Satellites to Soup
b. The Drivers for Demand
III. Political and Legal Influences –
a. Government Interventions –
b. Jessica Lunsford Act: Lifetime tracking by GPS
IV. Economic Questions and Considerations –
a. A private Section industry over 9 billion dollars growing exponentially
b. Increasing government budget for GPS in America and Worldwide V. Psychological Considerations and Sociological Effects
a. Coping, fear, and desensitization of being watched
b. The Affect and Effect of Knowing Your Being Watched
VI. Technology in its cultural connect, media influence – a. Inability to travel without GPS –
b. Media Outcry Against GPS and the Impact on the Fourth Amendment – c. Culture and Media Influences
VII. Implications on the Environment –
a. Disengagement from Environment (Human)
b. Effects on Wildlife Terrain and Human Infrastructure
VIII. Moral and ethical implications –Data Collection and Storage of Surveillance Files


APA Outline
Introduction/Thesis: Through the history of Global Positioning System (GPS) Technology, peoples, governments and private agencies have been able to extract information from these devices which can have personal, political, economic and national security ramifications, affecting the human psychic as well as the culture and media, creating environmental challenges that can have lasting moral and ethical implications.

I. Background and Brief Description –
II. Since the beginning of time, mankind has been navigating the land by the use of stars, the moon and the sun. The story of the Christ documents how three wise men used a star to locate the Christ. Mankind has used the objects in the sky as reference points to navigate the land and sea and now the skies. Mankind was not satisfied with just the skies but proceeded to explore the stratosphere the ionosphere and finally outer space. Space, where no man had ever been was initially explored by satellites. It was during the initial exploration of satellites, that the ability to track the position of an object was discovered. Consequently, this discovery leads to the development and deployment of a network of satellites also known as GPS constellation. The Global Positioning System is a network of satellites that are used to extract something’s (person, place or thing) location on our globe or in our universe.

GPS, in and of itself, is a tracking system or a locating system. However, the applications for the use of GPS include but are not limited to surveillance. There are a myriad of applications that involve surveillance that employs the use of GPS. Surveillance is like real estate, the most important attribute is ascertaining the location. The science of satellites lead to the development of the technology we know as GPS. This research paper is about the science and technology of GPS and the multitude of applications that are intertwined with surveillance activities or location activities. a. Sputnik 1957 (Science that Drove the Technology) During the 1950s, the United States and the Soviet Union were the primary contenders for the world’s number one super power. In order to gain a tactical advantage or a technological edge, Russia launched a space program to complement their ballistic missile program. Three small satellites were the first to be launched into low Earth orbit during the International Geophysical Year (IGY) of 1957-1958 to begin the Space Age: Sputnik I, Explorer I, and Vanguard 1 (Helvajian & Jason, 2008)

America was watching the Soviet’s gain this critical tactical advantage with the launch of the Sputnik when it was recognized that...

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