The Stock Market Reaction to Oil Price Changes

Topics: Stock market, Supply and demand, Peak oil, Petroleum, Price of petroleum, 1973 oil crisis / Pages: 48 (11979 words) / Published: May 25th, 2012
The Stock Market Reaction to Oil Price Changes

Sridhar Gogineni Division of Finance Michael F. Price College of Business University of Oklahoma Norman, OK 73019-0450

March 13, 2008

Abstract I explore the reaction of the stock market as a whole and of different industries to daily oil price changes. I find that the direction and magnitude of the market‟s reaction to oil price changes depend on the magnitude of the price changes. Oil price changes most likely caused by supply shocks have a negative impact while oil price changes most likely caused by shifts in aggregate demand have a positive impact on the same day market returns. In addition to the returns of oil-intensive industries, returns of industries that do not use oil to any significant extent are also sensitive to oil price changes. Finally, I show that both the cost-side dependence and demand-side dependence on oil are important in explaining the sensitivity of industry returns to oil price changes.

I am indebted to Louis Ederington. I am grateful for the helpful comments received from Chitru Fernando, Vahap Uysal, Cynthia Rogers, Carlos Lamarche, Shawn Ni, Vikas Raman, Veljko Fotak, Jesus Salas, Ginka Borisova and Anthony May. I also acknowledge support from the Center for Financial Studies and the Summer Research Paper support fund at the University of Oklahoma. All errors are my own.

21 September 2006. “Unchanged Rates, Oil-Price Dip Rally Stocks” 17 January 2007 “Dow Clears Another Record As Oil Prices Continue to Fall” 17 May 2007 “Industrials Push to New High on Deal Optimism, Oil‟s Fall” 19 October 2007 “Dow Slips and Dollar Slides As Oil Jumps, Job Claims Rise” (Headlines from The Wall Street Journal) As the above headlines illustrate, in the recent months the popular financial press has talked repeatedly about how oil price changes are impacting the stock market. In fact, during the years 2005 and 2006, oil prices figured in the headlines1 of The Wall Street Journal on 204 days and

References: 24 Study Darby (1982) Hamilton (1983) Golub (1983) Burbidge & Harrison (1984) Chen, Roll & Ross (1986) Monthly Gisser & Goodwin (1986) Quarterly Annual Hooker (1996) Huang, Masulis & Stoll (1996) Jones & Koul (1996) Quarterly Returns of market indices of several countries and Cash flows Weekly wage rates and proxies for human capital GDP, GDP deflator and federal funds rate Keane & Prasad (1996) Bernanke, Gertler & Watson (1997) Sardosky (1999) 1947 – 1996 1983 – 2000 1960 – 2001 1972 – 1988 1959 – 1997 1965 – 1995 1972 – 2001 1962 – 2000 1973 – 2002 1983 – 2004 1973 – 2003 Monthly Index of Industrial Production, interest rates & real stock returns Same as Huang, Masulis & Stoll (1996) Daily (futures) Barsky & Kilian (2001) Davis & Haltiwanger (2001) Lee & Ni (2002) Hamilton & Herrera (2002) Monthly Same as Bernanke (1997) Hong, Torous & Valkanov (2002) Hooker (2002) Pollet (2004) Bittlingmayer (2005) Daily

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