The role of African Union in conflict resolution

Topics: Sudan, African Union, Africa Pages: 3 (908 words) Published: October 9, 2013
Lasting peace and stability remains one thing that for a long time has eluded the African continent both in the pre colonial and the colonial era. The scourges of slave trade, inter-tribal warfare and more importantly the imposition of colonial rule on the people of Africa made peace and stability on the continent quite elusive. Obviously, one would foresee emancipation and independence as a sure way to relative peace and stability. Unfortunately, the post-colonial conflict situation on the continent has proven more disturbing than ever in the history of the continent. The formation of the Organization of African Unity(OAU was seen as an effort to resolving the conflict situation on the continent, but hardly had the ink dried on the OAU’s Charter than the continent witness a myriad of civil wars and military coup d’états. The concept of non-interference in the internal affairs of member states and respect for the sanctity of boarders was to blame for the OAU’s inability to resolve these conflicts. Subsequently, amendments were made to the OAU Charter which led to the adoption of a new charter which marked the birth of the African Union in Addis Ababa on 26th May, 2001. The Union was launched in July 9, 2002 in South Africa to replace the Organisation of African Unity (OAU). Among the AU’s objectives is the promotion of peace security and stability on the continent. Embedded in this objective is the Union’s role to intervene and resolve conflicts in the continent. Since its inception, the African Union has intervened in and helped to resolve a number of conflicts on the continent, some of which were in Burundi, Sudan (Darfur),and Comoros. The African Union’s first peace keeping intervention was in Burundi. The Burundian Civil war was an armed conflict that last quite over a decade. The war was as a result of a long standing ethnic tension between the Hutu and Tutsi tribes in the country. This armed conflict was actually sparked up by the gruesome assassination...
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