Critically Examine Why There Are More Small Wars in Africa

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CRITICALLY EXAMINE WHY THERE ARE MORE SMALL WARS IN AFRICA

African history has gone through three major phenomena that are the slave trade, colonization and decolonization. Each has its positive and negative impacts on the people, the shape of the continent and her economic resources. Slave trade robbed Africa of its best brains as those sold were mainly targeted after challenging the chief an action that by then was a preserve for those with the morale courage to question decisions from the highest authority as it was considered to be taboo. Colonization introduced new country boundaries and disadvantaged other ethnic groups in terms of development ranging from education to economic gains. Various draconian laws desired to sideline the indigenous people in participating in the day to day running of their own countries were passed by the colonizers .These were unacceptable to the African people. The positive elements are the introduction of the education system, the infrastructure development, and the provision of health facilities plus the overall improvement of the economy at large, which also brought about a modern standard of living. Decolonization brought independence and the restoration of the rights of the indigenous people. In the process large quantities of Eastern Block, small arms were dumped in the continent that as will be discussed below ignited random fighting causing mayhem in Africa. Soon after the Second World War, the indigenous people embarked on the confrontational approach to liberate themselves. Negotiations with the foreign rulers started in earnest and majority of countries, were granted their independence. These had strings attached and main ones were the acceptance of the standing borders and the land ownership status quo was to be maintained. Some were denied, and had to take up arms, to liberate themselves. Small wars ensued and these are popularly known as liberation wars. The major suppliers of the arms were USSR, China,



Bibliography: BOOKS Chingwedere Enias. People Making History Book 4 MAGAZINES Globe Boston. Small Wars Journal, Fester in Africa’s Horn Muchemwa Henry. Focus on Africa. AU Peacekeeping Force in Dafur ARTICLES Ahuja Paul. Somalia Watch, US Admits Slaughter in Somalia Wikipedia. Period 1991-2000 NEWSPAPERS Ken Flower, The Chronicle dated 26 Nov 1981 The Secrets of The Rhodesian War

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