The Renaissance period in art history began in the late 13th century through to the early 17th century. The Renaissance art period, which is a French word for rebirth, was a stark divergence from the preceding art periods. Not only was oil painting first introduced in this time period, there was also the introduction of linear art for the first time in artistic history. Linear perspective is a more mathematical approach to art, due to the high scientific nature of the time period. Europe was undergoing a shift in the social conditions, called classical humanism, which was the “cultural movement of the Renaissance, based on Greek and Roman classic literature that emphasized the dignity, worth and rationality of humankind ("The renaissance, reformation," 2012).” Thanks to this shift to the more classical aspects of human nature, the artwork of the time period reflects a more classic style of painting.
The Mannerism art period had its beginning and end in the latter part of the Renaissance time period. Mannerism paintings are more obscure, leaning towards fantastical colors and awkward-seeming positions of the subjects. Artificial by nature, these paintings offer a stark contrast between the paintings of the Renaissance. The social condition which influenced Mannerism is contrarian in nature. Because Renaissance artwork was so classically influenced, Mannerism artists focused on something Renaissance paintings did not offer: artificiality.
The two art periods have a strong relationship, in that one is a direct reaction to the other. If the Renaissance had not existed as such, it is unlikely that the Mannerism artwork that was created at that time would have existed either. With that in mind, it is interesting to note the similarities and differences between the two periods. Renaissance artwork is soft, using lighter colors and depicting realistic portraits of its subjects. Mannerism is brighter, louder and offers a unique look at the awkward poses an artist...
Cited: The renaissance, reformation art and mannerism. (2012, September 09). Retrieved from http://wgu.mindedgeonline.com/content.php?cid=19778
Movements in the humanities: classicism & renaissance. (2012, September 09). Retrieved from http://wgu.mindedgeonline.com/content.php?cid=19864
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