The renal system is also known as the urinary system. It consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and the urethra. The function of the renal system is to remove liquid waste from the blood and keep salts and other substances in the blood. The kidneys remove urea from blood by filtering. Besides filtering and eliminating wastes, the system also maintains homeostasis of water, ions, pH, acid and blood pressure. The renal system is a major homeostatic system because it maintains electrolyte balance, acid-base, and fluid balance; excrete nitrogenous wastes.
“The Urinary System”
The Urinary System is a group of organs in the body concerned with filtering out excess fluid and other substances from the bloodstream. The organs included in the urinary system are the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.
The kidneys are two bean-shaped, reddish brown organs about the size of your fist. The renal capsule, a tough capsule of fibrous connective tissue, covers the kidneys. The ribcage protects the kidneys which are located in the back just above the….
Urinary SystemAnatomy and Physiology
Urinary System in Context
Urinary System in Context
How does it do it?
Functions of the Urinary system
• 1. Regulating blood volume and pressure
• 2. Regulating plasma concentrations of sodium,
potassium, chloride and other ions
• 3. Stabilising blood pH
• 4. Conserving nutrients
• 5. Detoxifying poisons (with the liver)
Organisation of the Urinary System
The Urinary System is a group of organs in the body concerned with filtering out excess fluid and other substances from the bloodstream. The substances are filtered out from the body in the form of urine. Urine is a liquid produced by the kidneys, collected in the bladder and excreted through the urethra. Urine is used to extract excess minerals or vitamins as well as blood corpuscles from the body. The Urinary organs include the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. The Urinary system works with….
*See PowerPoint image slides for all figures and tables
pre-inserted into PowerPoint without notes”.
CopyrightThe McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
A. The urinary system consists of two kidneys
that filter the blood, two ureters, a urinary bladder,
and a urethra to convey waste
Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for….
What is the Urinary System? The urinary is system is a system of production, storage, and the elimination of urine. Formation and elimination of the urine is important for the human body because it contains nitrogenous wastes of the body that must be eliminated to maintain homeostasis. The urinary system is important for keeping the internal environment of the body clean. This particular system maintains proper homeostasis of water, salts and nitrogenous wastes (Iqba, 2010).
There are four major….
This system consists of the KIDNEYS, URETERS, URETHRA, and BLADDER.
Not many structures, but very important.
1. Regulate electrolytes (K, Na, etc) in body
2. Regulate pH in blood
3. Regulate blood pressure
4. Regulate blood volume
5. Removing metabolic wastes (chemicals produces by chemical reactions in the body are excreted). This is the least important of the kidney’s functions. You can survive for a few weeks without excreting waste products in the urine, but hour….
The urinary system has many things that could go wrong if you’re not taking care of yourself properly one of the diseases is called Painful Bladder Syndrome also known as ‘PBS’. This disorder is chronic and could possibly causes lots of pain, inflammation and because of these things it could cause your bladder to have a limit on how urine it could hold at a time. Which in result you have the urge to empty your bladder often, your physician will be able to diagnose this by doing a….
experienced a urinary tract infection. Urinary tract infection is also known as a (UTI). A urinary tract infection is a condition that can affect the urinary system where the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra can become infected. In most cases urinary tract infections are caused by bacteria that come at the opening of the urethra and travels to the bladder. It may often spread to the kidneys from the bloodstream.
“The signs and symptoms that occur when someone has a urinary tract infection….
ATP – • Oxidative Phosphorylation
• Is the generation of ATP
• Within mitochondria
• In a reaction requiring coenzymes and oxygen
• Produces more than 90% of ATP used by body
• Results in 2 H2 + O2 → 2 H2O
• Electron Transport System (ETS)
• Is the key reaction in oxidative phosphorylation
• Is in inner mitochondrial membrane
• Electrons carry chemical energy
• Within a series of integral and peripheral proteins
• Oxidation, Reduction, and Energy Transfer
• Oxidation (loss….
Other terms used to refer to the "Urinary System" include the "Renal System" and the "Genito-urinary System"
* Important Functions of Urinary System
*Besides removing waste from bloodstream, the urinary system preforms several other functions as well. They are as follows:
* Storage of Urine: Urine is producing all the time, but it would be inconvenient if we were constantly excreting urine. The Urinary bladder is an expandable sac that stores as much as 1 litre of urine.….