OCR Modern World History- Section B: The Cold War, 1945-1975 Source A: A cartoon published in a British newspaper on 24 October 1962: Kennedy and Krushchev are shown as gunslingers. Castro is on the donkey.
The message of the cartoon is that the superpowers are close to having a fight. Fidel Castro is leading them into this and Castro is from Cuba. In the cartoon, I can see is Kennedy is standing up to the threat of Cuba and USSR. They were representing as villains who are riding into town. Khrushchev is larger and therefore more of a threat and is shown behind supporting Castro. The cartoon shows that Khrushchev is supporting Castro and having put weapons on Cuba. The USA was frightened as Cuba was very close to America and they felt threatened. Kennedy had to make decisions to avoid nuclear war and he did this by stopping the USSR. Similarly, the Cuban missile crisis was a moment when the USA and USSR, headed by Kennedy and Khrushchev, might have begun fighting with nuclear weapons. Castro's weapon represents the few missiles staged in Cuba; the bigger threat, backing him up, is the USSR's supply of weapons.
Moreover, in 14 October 1962, an American U2 spy plane took photographs which showed Soviet nuclear missile bases being built on Cuba which could destroy almost all major cities such as Washington DC, New York City, Chicago, New Orleans etc. American spy planes also spotted 20 Soviet ships sailing to Cuba with nuclear missiles. This shows that USSR was supporting Cuba by supplying nuclear missiles. He had five options; Firstly, it was to do nothing. He thought it will not cause a war and will be peaceful and so it can avoid loss of lives but what he was worried was that communism will still spread. Additionally, Cuba will think Kennedy as weak and inexperienced. Cuba is in America’s ‘backgarden’. This will also make the citizens of USA not happy. Secondly, was to do air attack on Cuba. The good thing is, it can destroy all the missiles in Cuba. It...
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