The Judeo/Christian and Islam Religions
Colorado Technical University
World Values and Cultures
Instructor: Susan Kauffman
From the “beginning of time”, Judeo/Christian and Islamic religions have shared many of the same common themes throughout multiple aspects of their religious developments. However, this is not to say that they are all the same, although there are many similarities between these religions. To begin, recurring themes which were discovered in the basic principles of these religions such as their creation stories, end of world prophecies, concepts about the afterlife, and behaviors which humans are to demonstrate as to please their utmost higher power, “their God”, will be identified and discussed. Following the previous discoveries, and a greater in depth review of them, differences will be also be brought to attention and discussed as well throughout this report. Judeo/Christian and Islamic religions all have a beginning and an end to their beliefs. Sacred stories are used to reveal the beginning of time, the end of time and everything else in between of these religions. For the Jews, the Tanakh, or also known as the Torah, holds all their sacred stories while for the Christians it is the Holy Bible, which comes in different versions, although these versions all share the same stories and then there is the Koran or Quran for the Muslims. Each story which is told throughout all three of these religions make use of metaphors which relate directly to each of their specific needs. Certain human, or human like characters are used in the stories to help demonstrate particular values and morals which are to be learned, and consequently either followed or refrained from doing certain things or sins, a moral code that all believers should live by. By use of the human like characters a more personable relation is given, thus allowing for the values and morals to be better understood by the followers of each of the religions. For the followers of these religions, knowing how they became, how they should act while living, how their lives are determined worthy or not, gives them a sense of wholeness, sense of belonging, peace of mind, a purpose of life and a general guideline to live by which is important to have in life itself. One similarity between Judaism, Islam and Christianity are that they are all monotheistic religions, meaning they all believe in one God. Although, they all believe in one God, he may be called different names. Christianity’s One God, who exists in three distinct persons (the trinity): Father, Son and Holy Spirit (Mathew 28:19). Islam’s one God (Arabic: Allah), who is not a trinity. The Islamic view of God is called strict Monotheism (Quran 112:1). In Judaism, One God (known in English as “Yahweh’ or ‘Jehovah’) – “Hear Israel, the Lord is our God, the Lord is one.” (Deuteronomy 6:4). As for the specific similarities in the creation stories between the Judeo/Christian and Islamic religions, a major staple in all would be that they all share the same story which describes the creation of the Earth: Genesis, the sixth ‘day’ (or period) creation allegory. However there are some differences in the exact amount of time that it took to complete the creation of Earth. Some parts of the Quran state that the process of creating Earth took six days, while other parts claim that the process took eight days, whereas the Christian Bible is set at six days, and the seventh day to rest. “And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made” (Genesis 2:2). “And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.” (Genesis 2:3). The Quran and the bible both state that God (Allah) created the world, the cosmos, and made all the creatures on it, the trees, waters and the rest of the...
References: Culture Counts: A Concise Introduction to Cultural Anthropology by Nanda, Warms (2012)
Holy Bible; King James Version, Book of Genesis, 2:2 & 2:3
Susan Kauffman, Instructor at CTU; Live Chats.
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