The Glory and the Dream Questions
1. What was the Bonus Army? What occurred? Who was involved? a. The Bonus Army were soldiers returned from World War I who wanted a “bonus” immediately authorized by the Adjusted Compensation Act. The veterans marched up Pennsylvania Avenue to acquire their relief. However, MacArthur and Hoover stopped the veterans at their core in a final “battle” calling them “communists and persons with criminal records.” 2. What is Rugged Individualism?
a. Rugged Individualism was when someone was called upon for advice, he or she “was impelled by the conventional wisdom to offer proposals designed to make things worse.” (pg. 21)
1. What businesses flourished during the Great Depression? Why? a. Radio production businesses and radio stations flourished because it was cheap entertainment, in which people could listen to whenever they were. Advertising flourished too because they would act as the Depression was nonexistent and have huge boards with items “for sale” which people, although poor, would still buy. 2. How did Samuel Insull exemplify the uneven distribution of wealth that in part led to the Great Depression? a. Insull’s utility empire was worth 3 billion while others had nothing. “1% of the population owned 59% of the nation’s wealth.” (pg. 44) 3. How did the Great Depression affect teachers in Chicago?
a. Teachers had to walk to work and only received checks for 5 out of the 13 months they teached the school children. 4. What is the importance of the election of 1932? Who won? What promises were made? a. The importance of the election of 1932 was if Roosevelt (who won) was very similar to Hoover as president, people would revolt. Roosevelt had confidence that he would aid people out of the Depression.
1. What actions did FDR take in the 1st 100 days?
a. In FDR first 100 days, he created the Civilians Conservation Corps (CCC), the Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA), and the Federal Emergency Act. He also departed from the gold standard, established the National Recovery Association (NRA), proposed and had passed the National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) and Emergency Banking Act 2. What role did Eleanor Roosevelt occupy? What was the relationship between FDR and the first lady? a. Eleanor Roosevelt was FDR’s wife, or the first lady. She toured the country for FDR giving speeches. She worked to help the poor and was honored by many. They honored each other yet while Eleanor was touring, FDR “cheated on her with a lady named Lucy Mercer.”
1. What was the importance of J. Edgar Hoover?
a. J. Edgar Hoover was the director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). He had to move the Justice Department to Pennsylvania Avenue. 2. What occurred in the Second 100 days?
a. In FDR’s Second 100 Days, he fought hard for social security and also established the Soil Conservation Act, the National Resource Board, the Rural Electrification Act, the Guffer-Shyder Coal Act, the National Youth Administration, and the National Labor Relations Board. 3. Who was Father Coughlin? What impact did he have on the times? a. Father Charles Coughlin was a priest who spoke sermons on the radio and became very well known. He and other priests from his parish created the Union Party. His success with the radio shows how popular the radio had become and how it was changing the nation socially. 4. Who was Huey Long?
a. Huey Long was a senator known as ‘the leader of the Depression Extremism.’ Long was the governor of Louisiana and strengthened its education and roads who also strived to be the “dictator” of the US. 5. George Washington Hill was a pioneer in what field?
a. George Washington Hill was a pioneer in advertising as president of the American Tobacco Company.
1. What was the state of the United States armed forces for most of the Depression years? a. The armed forces for most of the Depression years had fewer soldiers than...
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