The French and Indian War

Good Essays
The French and Indian War
Like the Great Awakening, the struggle between England and France for New World empires also helped prepare the colonists for independence. While the English esablished colonies on the Atlantic seaboard, the French built a profitable fur trade with the Indians farther inland. As French colonists moving south from Canada met English colonists moving west of the Appalachians, the two groups lashed in the Ohio Valley. The conflict stemmed from rivalry over territory, fur trade with the Indians, and fishing rights. This rivalry contributed to worldwide conflit between England and France; as a result,the rival nations fought four wars between 1689 and 1763. The first three of these wars King William's War , Queen Anne's war, and King George's war started in Europe and spread to North Amerca. The fourth war, fought between 1754 and 1763, started instead in America and spread to Europe. Because the French and Indians joined forces against the British, this war became known as the French and Indian war. When the French moved far enough south to realize that many English colonists had already settled in the rich Ohio Valley, the French government began building forts to protect its interests there. In response, the British took measure to remove the French troops. In 1753, Governor Dinwiddie of Virginia sent George Washington, a 21 year old surveyor and major in the Virginia militia, with a message warning the French at Fort Le Boeuf that they occupied territory belonging to Virginia and insisting that they vacate the fort at once. when the French refused to leave, Washington took stock of the French armaments and fortifiations and then returned to Governor Dinwiddle, who promoted him to lieutenant colonel. Colonel Washington advised that an English fort be built at the forks of the Monongahela and Allegheny rivers, the most strategic site in the entire upper Ohio River Valley. Before the English could erect the fort, however, the

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Powerful Essays

    In 1754, a war between Britain and France with their Indian allies broke out in North America that came to be known as The French and Indian War. The war ended in 1763 with the Treaty with Paris where Britain acquired Spanish Florida and all remaining French North American land (Document A). Throughout the war and for some time after, the actions of the American Colonies’ Mother Country caused many colonists to feel some resentment towards them. The French and Indian War created tension between Great Britain and the American colonies politically through the expansion of borders, economically through extreme taxes, and ideologically as American colonists felt more distanced from Britain.
 The expansion of the borders of the English territory through the treaty with Paris and expansion of British's power over colonists created a strain between Political relations with Great Britain. When France gave up their acquired land with the treaty in 1763, the British had full control over it. As British expanded their territory, they tended to claim more power over the colonies and treated the colonies as their own sole properties. It aroused antipathy among colonists toward the Britain. In substance, George Washington said in the letter to Robert Orme, "But, besides this and the laudable desire I may have to serve (with the best abilities) my King & Country, ...... To be plain, Sir, I wish earnestly to attain some knowledge of the Military Profession: ...... to serve under a Gentleman of General Braddock's abilities and experience." (Document C). They were oppressed by British and felt offensive to each other that they are not even allow to have own military. In all, the colonists felt as if they were “Englishmen born… debarred Englishmen’s liberty” and their Mother country was ruling over them without actual representation (Document D).
 Great Britain and the American colonies economic relationship was as well strained as Indians sought advantages of their…

    • 686 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    The French and Indian War ensured the dominance of English-speaking peoples over North America and set the stage for the American Revolutionary War (1775–83). At the end of the war France lost all of her lands in present-day Canada to Britain. With the French threat in North America eliminated, Britain and its colonies could wrangle over the nature of the imperial relationship. In addition, many of the men who would later lead the Americans in their struggle against the British, George Washington, Philip Schuyler, and Benjamin Franklin among them, rose to prominence during that conflict.…

    • 1426 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    As more colonists from Britain began to settle in the colonies, more land was needed to accommodate the larger number of people. In the past, disputes with Indians have been caused by the colonists’ need for land, and its resources, which the Indians needed as well. The Indians would either peacefully move inland, or fight back violently. As King George wanted the Ohio River Valley that France occupied, he sent Washington and his troops to occupy the Ohio River region to claim his presence, thus the competition for the territory, which evolved into the French and Indian War. The French and Indian War was a turning point in American history, for the colonists and colonial affairs were strictly monitored unlike before, and treaties with Indians…

    • 735 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Ap Dbq French Indian War

    • 813 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The French and Indian War, the North American counterpart to the 7 Years War, was a massive and costly event. The British government sent troops to defend the interests of the colonists. The repercussions of the war were quite significant and long lasting and the escalation that resulted led all the way to the Revolutionary War. The French and Indian War had great effect on the politics, economics, and ideology of the American colonies.…

    • 813 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    French and Indian War

    • 287 Words
    • 2 Pages

    The French and Indian war (1754-1763) altered the relationship between Britain and its North American colonies. Assess this change with regard to TWO of the following in the period between 1763 and 1775. (Land acquisition, Politics, Economics)…

    • 287 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    French And Indian War Dbq

    • 689 Words
    • 3 Pages

    The French and Indian War culminated in the Treaty of Paris in 1763, which would end French power in North America and British power would reign over North America east of the Mississippi River (Tindall). The French and Indian War, also called The Seven Years ' War, nearly doubled Britain 's national debt and post-war expenses were expected to remain high because the government decided in early 1763 to keep ten thousand British regular soldiers in the American colonies (Stamp Act).…

    • 689 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Prior to 1754 French & Indian War, the 13 North American colonies that would eventually become the United States of America were at a rate of rapid increase. Colonial trade with England has increased by over 360%, all colonies were reproducing successfully, with a rate of natural increase of 3%, and the population doubling every 25 years, and on top of that, colonial power increased with the idea of Salutary Neglect, and colonial assemblies. The French & Indian War had cause a multitude of changes and shifts in America, on political, economical, and ideological levels alike.…

    • 1635 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    The French and Indian War undoubtedly created new tension in the colonies. After the conflict had finished, the colonist’s independent attitudes surfaced. Many had grown tired of British insults and being looked down on by the mother country. After the war, Britain’s debt was immense. The mother country’s solution was to impose taxes upon the colonists to erase the debt, seeing as the war was most beneficial to them. This new responsibility was not welcomed by the colonists who, with their new sense of unity, found a common resentment towards England. Along with the resentment, colonists saw no reason for British occupation to continue because the French threat was no longer present. This was the spark the ignited the fight for independence.…

    • 635 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    In the fall of 1773 when George Washington was only twenty one, Governor of Virginia, Robert Dinwiddie, sent him to the French fort, Le Boeuf, to deliver a message or warning that the French should move from the Ohio River Valley area. In a few months time, George Washington became a lieutenant and was sent out with 150 soldiers to move the french out of the area. His attempt to move the French was a failure and He had to retreat to a fort called Fort Necessity. He got cornered at this fort making him in no position to fight and he surrendered. Because of this attempt to move the French out of the area, they started the French and Indian war. After the failed attempt, he resigned and voluntarily aided General Edward Braddock. He began to get more and more experience as a military leader learning from his defeats and learning from Braddock and as a result, he had more military experience when he became the general of the Continental Army who fought for the independence of the United…

    • 730 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    The population of New France at around 1750 was about 80,000 people. The French almost exclusively devoted themselves to fur trading with the Indians. This kind of trade brought the French lots of wealth, but it did not promote the settlement. France differed from Spain and England through its governmental leadership, views on women, relationships with the native Americans, and it's slavery.…

    • 335 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Analyze the effect of the French and Indian War and its aftermath on the relationship between Great Britain and the British colonies. Confine your response to the period from 1754 to 1776. (How did it help lead to colonial rebellion.)…

    • 456 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    French And Indian War DBQ

    • 1127 Words
    • 3 Pages

    For decades, the French traded with the Indian tribes. This move created a civilized alliance with the Indians so that they could have a new region to claim as New France. Precious beaver furs was the main selling point. Soon enough, tensions rose whenever Pennsylvanians and Virginians decided that they also wanted to lay claims on this new found frontier land. This led to massive conflict between the colonies and ended up being one of the most brutal massacres in history. This is also known as the Seven Years’ War. The French and Indian war changed the relationship between the British and American colonies. By seeing this land as a way to enhance each’s wealth and power they would go to no extent to reach their goal, no matter what the consequences were. The French and Indian war changed the perspective of British and American colonies in about every way of economically, ideologically, and politically. Politically it effected the colonies by republicanism, ideologically because of independence, and economically through the taxation.…

    • 1127 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    The French and Indian War was named after the opponents of the British during King George’s rule. The French and Indian War lasted from 1754-1763. It has also been referred to as the Seven Years’ War. The war was between the colonies of British America and New France. In 1756, the war became a worldwide conflict.…

    • 455 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    French and indian war DBQ

    • 509 Words
    • 3 Pages

    The french and Indian war was a major catalyst in the desire for independence amongst the american colonies. Although the Britain came out victorious, the consequences outweighed the positives. As a result, the French and Indian war led to Great britain exerting more political and economic control over the colonies exacerbating the ideological divide between the two. Unfair tariffs and exertion of control over the colonies by the British would lead to American colonist screaming for independence.…

    • 509 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Dbq French and Indian War

    • 548 Words
    • 3 Pages

    The French and Indian War(1754-63) altered the political, economic, and ideological relationship between Britain and its American colonies in many ways. The relationship was altered politically due to Britains control of the entire eastern coastline, economically on how British policies after 1763 were designed to raise revenue to pay for the cost of the empire, and ideologically because American colonists beliefs on the relationship between Britain and the colonies.…

    • 548 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays