top-rated free essay

The End of Roman Britain

By elisabetaely Mar 12, 2013 562 Words
7. The End of Roman Britain|
By the year 400 Britain had been part of the Roman empire for over 350 years. The people of Britain now thought of themselves as Romans and had done so for many generations. | | A Roman family group. Illustration by Sarah Hall, Roman Britain| | In the 3rd century (after about the year 250) hostile forces from outside the empire had begun to threaten many of its provinces, including Britain The Romans thought of these enemies as uncivilised barbarians. New forts were built on the coast to keep them out. | | Portchester Castle - a 'Saxon Shore fort'. The Roman walls and bastions, built about 290, can be clearly seen while in the foreground are the remains of a medieval castle. Photo Patrick Ottaway with the kind permission of English Heritage.| | In the 3rd and 4th centuries the Roman empire was weakened by disputes between rival army commanders competing to be emperor. Strong emperors like Constantine 'the Great' and Theodosius 'the Great' were able to prevent the empire from falling apart, but by about the year 400 the barbarians could no longer be resisted. | | Modern bust of the Emperor Theodosius at his home town of Coca, Spain. Photo Patrick Ottaway | | In the early 5th century the Roman empire lost control of Britain. Its people had to defend themselves as best they could against the Anglo-Saxons who came across the North Sea and colonised eastern England. | | Illustration of an Anglo-Saxon warrior by Sarah Hall, Roman Britain| | Late Roman Britain: a Province under Threat| [ Section Index | Top ]| In the 3rd and 4th centuries Britain got caught up in the civil wars between rival emperors. In the late 3rd century a commander of the Channel fleet named Carausius claimed to be emperor, although he only ruled Britain and a bit of northern Gaul. | | Coin of the rebel emperor, Carausius, who ruled Britain 287-293. Photo: Simon I Hill, York Archaeological Trust| | In the 3rd century new forts were built along the south and east coasts of England because of the threat of barbarian raiders who, it was feared, might attack Britain from the sea. | | The walls of the 'Saxon Shore fort' at Burgh Castle (Norfolk), built in the late 3rd century. Photo Patrick Ottaway | | We know about a savage barbarian attack on Britain in the year 367 because it was written about by the Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus. He reported that a Roman commander in Britain had been killed and another had been surrounded by the enemy! | | Piece of late Roman red-painted pottery (Crambeck ware) showing a soldier with a sword in his right hand, an unidentified object in his left, and a large knife at his waist. Found in York. York Archaeological Trust| | In the year 383 a Roman general in Britain named Magnus Maximus successfully defeated an invasion by the Picts who lived in Scotland, but he then weakened the defences of Britain by setting off for Gaul with his troops to try to become emperor. | | Gold coin of the late Roman rebel emperor, Magnus Maximus (383-8). | | Did you know? The term 'barbarian' comes from a Greek word. The Greeks thought that Greek was the only civilised language and that everyone else just said 'bar bar bar'! | | Detail of a cavalryman's tombstone at Ribchester (Lancashire) showing a dying barbarian. Photo Simon I. Hill, Ribchester Museum Trust| |

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • roman britain

    ...he Romans in Britain The Romans arrived in Britain in 55 BC. The Roman Army had been fighting in Gaul (France) and the Britons had been helping the Gauls in an effort to defeat the Romans. The leader of the Roman Army in Gaul, Julius Caesar, decided that he had to teach the Britons a lesson for helping the Gauls – hence his invasion. Jul...

    Read More
  • Roman Britain Analysis

    ...How did the Romans maintain control of Roman Britain? There were many ways in which the Romans used to maintain control over Britain. This included using fortifications, British towns, the army and dealing with the resistance from the British. One of the ways that the Romans used to maintain control over the British was through the use of Roma...

    Read More
  • Did the Romans civilise Britain

    ...This essay is about how Britain changed Britain, and how they brought civilisation to it. The definition of civilisation has been questioned over the centuries. There are many different meanings of the word but in the Romans case it is “The type of culture and society developed by a particular nation or in a particular era or time.”In other ...

    Read More
  • Roman Conquest of Britain

    ... TP 1 Roman occupation of Britain Social Studies II Delfina Schoo Lastra 1- HOW FAR AND IN WHAT WAYS DID THE ROMAN OCCUPATION OF BRITAIN AFFECT THE NATIVES AT THE TIME? After Julius Caesar’s easy conquest of Britain in AD 43, Latin began to be used in speech and writing as a way of assuring Roman rule; but it completely disappeared w...

    Read More
  • The End of the Roman era

    ...of decay. The story of the ruin is simple and obvious and instead of inquiring why the Roman Empire was destroyed we should rather be surprised that it has subsisted for so long." The Roman Empire lasted over 500 years and had seemed invincible and immortal, only to fall as all civilizations inevitably do when their time comes. The empire was kn...

    Read More
  • Crime and Order Maintenance in Celtic and Roman Britain

    ...Crime and Order Maintenance in Celtic and Roman Britain ACTIVITIES. 1. Make Notes comparing how offenders were treated in Celtic Britain and how they are treated in modern Britain. Do you notice any similarities? 2. Make notes comparing how offenders were treated in roman Britain and how they are treated in modern Britain. Do you no...

    Read More
  • Why did the romans invade britain

    ...Why Did the Romans Invade Britain Britain had lots of things the Romans wanted          Lead Wood Tin Wool Pearls Slaves Gold Silver Corn Corn  As the Roman Empire grew bigger there were more and more people to feed  More and more Romans started living in towns leaving fewer people in the country to grow cro...

    Read More
  • Britain

    ...This is Britain! The Romans were in Britain until the beginning of 5. And the south-eastern part of the island were much Romanized. It was formed by five municipalities in the Roman style: Kamulodunum (now Colchester), Verulamium (St. Albans), Lindum (Lincoln), Glevum (Gloucester) and Eborakum (York). All but Verulamiuma, were military se...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.