Honors English 2
May 11, 2014
The Bombing of Pearl Harbor
Pearl Harbor, started by Japanese air craft, was a gruesome beginning of a terrifying war between Japan and the United States of America. Pearl Harbor is located on the south side of the Hawaiian island of Oahu and is the home of a United States naval base. (“History”) December 7, 1941, is when the bombing of Pearl Harbor occurred. The bombing lasted form seven fifty five in the morning till nine forty five later that morning, a total of an hour and fifty minutes. (“History”) The toll this had on everyone was tremendous because 2,335 United States servicemen were killed, 1143 were wounded, 68 civilians were killed, and 35 were wounded. (“History”) Although the United States was horrifically affected, Japan had only lost 65 men. The causes and effects of the Bombing of Pearl Harbor was a great leading factor of the Allies winning World War two. Most observers of international affairs were not surprised about the attack on Pearl Harbor. (“Edsitement”) Japan did not think the distribution of goods was fair, and Manchuria and China found a way to the right the balance. (“Japan’s” In the late nineteenth century, the economy and industrialization of Japan were rapid. (“Independent”) Japan has barely to any natural resources; therefore they relied on the United States and European colonies for all their needed resources. (“Independent”) Japan was economically put at a stop, but in the future would begin to advance again.
Everybody thought that japan just randomly had a hatred for the U.S., but in all reality they have been in diplomatic fights for a long time (“Mentalfloss”). Japan depended on resources such as oil and metal from Americans, and it accounts for 80% of shipment (‘Meantalfloss”). Pearl Harbor was the operating base of the U.S. Pacific Fleet. (“Mentalfloss”) Under the command of vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo, a powerful Japanese task force left the Kuril Islands on December 2. (“History”) December 7 is when the surprised task force showed up.
During the attack there were two completely successive waves with more than 350 Japanese bombers, torpedo planes, and fighters struck. More than 75 U.S. warships (including battleships, cruisers, destroyers, submarines, and auxiliaries) were based at this "Gibraltar of the Pacific."(“History”) At this moment in time, all United States aircraft carriers were located else were, and were nowhere close to be in aid during the bombing. The waves arrived on the scene at six in the morning, but held off attacking until around two hours later. The airfields and battleships moored at concrete quays were bombarded first with the first fleet of the attack.(“History”) Not long after the first fleet, the second followed while the Americans used all they had to protect themselves and their land. The whole attack was over before ten; although everyone expected it to be longer and more drastic, it still took a huge toll on everyone on the island and in the United States. The effects of the bombing were more horrendous than the actual bombing itself. There was 18 ships destroyed, and the four major ones were the Arizona, West Virginia, and California, and Nevada battleships. (“edsitement”) Out of all the United States aircraft only 200 were damaged or destroyed, and that was considered a small number because of the actual destruction it could have done. The losses for Japan were a lot smaller that the United States. Japan only lost a total of 29 planes and five midget
Submarines and that was an extremely small number compared to what they had. The naval power was completely destroyed by the Japanese in the Pacific.
The attack gave Hawaii such a scare that troops took position on all the main Hawaiian Islands, and barriers were set up on all the main beaches. (”PearlHarbor”) All major airports were overthrown by the army and the private airplanes...
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