The Art Piece of Chinese Literature
Pa Jin, formerly known as Fu, Li Gan, was from the first generation of Chinese writers of the twentieth century. He was born in Chengdu, a large city in the province of Sichuan. As a youth that was born at a landlord family, he has witnessed the pain that people suffered under the feudalism society. Youths that had passion and dreams were being forced to follow the paths that their parents chose for them; servants that lived as the lower class of the society had no right to choose their life. All of these unfair situations led Pa Chin to a deep anger of the old system. Along with the impact of the "May Fourth Movement", he developed a strong sense of democratic revolutionary. All of his early experiences of life and thoughts had reflected in his later creations of Chinese Literature. His view of democracy got even border after he had studied in many other places. In 1923, he fled away from a feudal family to Shanghai, Nanjing and other places to study. In early 1927, he had exposed to a variety of social thoughts in France. He was attracted to the democratic ideals of French Revolution. He once noted that,” We all are the children of French Revolution”. (“Pa Chin”) He was also influenced by some ideas and behaviors of the Russian revolutionaries. We can see the impacts of these complicated ideological thoughts in his later works. One of the most representative art pieces of Pa Chin was the “Turbulent Stream” trilogy. It included three parts, “Family”, “Spring”, and “Autumn”. The contents of this trilogy mainly focused on the declinations and struggles of a large family, the Kao family. It illustrated clearly the collapse of the feudal patriarchal clan system and the revolutionary trends among younger generations. In this trilogy, the author exposed the evils of feudalism and praised the youths’ awakening. The deep feeling of this theme created a strong infection on anti-feudalism among the youths. The “Turbulent Stream” has created a large impact on the young generation in the period of May Forth Movement. Especially the work, “Family”, it described the struggles of three main characters, Chueh-hsin, Chueh-min, and Chueh-hui. They were the three younger brothers of a large feudalism family. As the eldest brother, Chueh-hsin is given responsibility to the Kao family after his father’s death. Even though he had been educated in new system and exposed to democratic thoughts, but he was the meekest of the three, because of his weakness, he never strong enough to go against the elders’ wills. In his early years, he fell in love with a girl, Cousin Mei; however, he followed his parent’s word and got married with a girl that he never met. Although, he had a happy marriage life, a beautiful wife and a son, he still can’t forget about Cousin Mei. Especially after he heard that Mei didn’t have a satisfy marriage life, he struggled in the pain of regret. Later, Mei died because of depression. The second brother, Chueh-min, fell in love Ms. Chin. However, his grandpa, which is the Master of the Kao family, matched him with a girl and wanted him to follow his elder brother’s path. Chueh-min responded differently from his brother. He ran away from home in order to escape the blind marriage. Chueh-hui, the most revolutionary one among the three brothers, was being locked up at home because of the school parade that he attended. He had an ambiguous attitude toward one of bondmaids that was working at the Kao family, Ming-feng. The Master Kao wanted Ming-feng to marry with an old guy as concubine. Even though Ming-feng didn’t want to follow the command, but she knew that she didn’t have the right to reject, so she drowned herself into the lake to show her unwillingness. After Ming-feng’s death, Chueh-hui had decided to leave this old-fashioned family. In the other hand, the Master Kao found out that two of his sons were doing illegal activities behind his back, and created a huge...
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Lang, Olga. Pa Chin and His Writings; Chinese Youth between the Two Revolutions. Cambridge: Harvard University, 1967. Print.
"Pa Chin." Novelguide: Free Study Guides, Free Book Summaries, Free Book Notes, & More. Novelguide, 1998. Web. 16 May 2011.
Zollinger, Reese. "Pa Chin 's "Family"" Web log post. Mental Produce. Blogger, 17 Sept. 2007. Web. 16 May 2011.
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