Red Guards

Topics: Cultural Revolution, Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping Pages: 4 (1517 words) Published: November 7, 2011
The Red Guards

Beginning in 1966 until 1976 when Mao Tse Tung died, he launched The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution. Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong, wanted his Red Guards to take over the other Chinese government authorities. Mao wanted to regain power within the Communist Party. The Red Guards were mainly made up of young adults and children. They were all followers of Mao’s ideas. The Red Guard's main goal was to get rid of everything that had to do with the old culture in China and bring in Maoist ideas. The Red Guards implemented Mao’s ideas by torturing people, punishing foreigners, overthrowing government officials, and throwing innocent people in jail. "Red Guards" was the title that Mao Zedong gave to his supporters who instilled his beliefs and ideas into the people of China. Mao Zedong instilled his ideas in his young supporters. There were also other people who were involved in the Red Guards, including peasants and other workers. Mao relied fully on the support of his youth to implement his ideas throughout China. Mao Zedong was showing his return to political power after failing in his Great Leap Forward. He had lost a tremendous amount of political supporters. The Red Guards were his key to regaining power throughout China. Mao Zedong made his once innocent teenage students into rebellious but obedient soldiers. The Red Guards went about the streets performing rallies and making speeches to show their support of Mao. Those who did not agree with Mao’s ideas or did not follow his ideas were severely punished. The Red Guards committed these acts to show their devotion to Mao and to proceed with his Cultural Revolution. Every Red Guard had the role of attacking the "four olds" of Chinese culture. The four olds were old ideas, old culture, old customs, and old habits (Cultural Revolution). Mao wanted his Red Guards to destroy the four olds entirely. He wanted them to destroy anything relating to the bourgeois. Anything that had...

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