Now, there are three ways in which a sovereign can bring misfortune upon his army:
1. When ignorant that the army should not advance, to order an advance; or when ignorant that it should not retire, to order a retirement. This is described as "hobbling the army."
2. When ignorant of military affairs, to interfere in their administration. This causes the officers to be perplexed.
3. When ignorant of command problems, to interfere with the direction of the fighting. This engenders doubts in the minds of the officers. 4. If the army is confused and suspicious, neighboring rulers will take advantage of this and cause trouble. This is what is meant by: "A confused army leads to another's victory."
Sun Tsu's five points for Victory
1. He who knows when he can fight and when he cannot will be victorious. 2. He who understands how to fight in accordance with the strength of antagonistic forces will be victorious.
3. He whose ranks are united in purpose will be victorious.
4. He who is well prepared and lies in wait for an enemy who is not well prepared will be victorious.Sun Tsu’s Art of War Discussion Thomas Jerry Scott Page 4 of 4
5. He whose generals are able and not interfered with by the sovereign will be victorious.
It is in these five matters that the way to victory is known.
Sun Tzu's Famous "Know Thine Enemy Rules"
1. Therefore, I say: Know your enemy and know yourself; in a hundred battles, you will never be defeated.
2. When you are ignorant of the enemy but know yourself, your chances of winning or losing are equal.
3. If ignorant both of your enemy and of yourself, you are sure to be defeated in every battle.