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Texas Involvement in Slavery

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Texas Involvement in Slavery
One of the most unique

situations during the period of the Civil War in America was

the involvement of the state of Texas in the Confederacy.

Although it was once its own Republic separate from the

United States of America through annexation, Texas was not

entirely unique when it came to the institution of slavery. Just

like in all other southern states, slavery, and the use of slave

labor, was a major factor of the states agricultural economy.

During the years around and through the Civil War, Texas

became a home for many transient southerners in search of

sanctuary from the almost enviable furthering of

emancipation. Long before the war, Texas had been the

stomping ground for runaway slaves enroute to Mexico and

in search of freedom. The state of Texas was not only one of

the new frontier territories toward the west but it became

one of the final places in America were slavery was

practiced. Because of its geography much of Texas

remained untouched and unsettled. Many adventurous

plantation owners felt it necessary to keep news of the war

and emancipation from their slaves as much as a year after

the end of the war.(Campbell 249) The topic I have chosen

for my research to discuss the history of slavery in Texas

during the years of the Civil War. How the institution was

altered because of the Civil War and the process by which

emancipation was handed to black -Texans is the focus of

my report. I would like to uncover how and why slave labor

was used to both protect the state, the Confederacy and the

institution that held the future of the American Negro forever.

Well before the beginning of the Civil War, Texas and some

of its surrounding territories were property of Spain just like

its southern neighbor, Mexico. Soon after realizing their

particular suppression by Spain, Mexico fought for, and won

its independence from its mother country. Mexico now had

control of their country and the territory of Texas. As more

Americans moved

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