Telenursing: The Future of Medicine
College of Nursing NR 305
Telenursing is a new technology used to deliver nursing services to patients where the patient and the nurse communicate directly through audios or videos. It was developed in the 1970’s to curb the professional nurse shortage. Telenursing seeks to monitor a patient while at home, therefore preventing admission and readmission of a patient in a health facility. The telehealth equipment used to monitor the patient give out the patient health progress thus determining the status of their health. Telenursing has helped patients get the love and care they require from their family members, curbing the boredom that is experienced in a hospital setting. This program has experienced some drawbacks and potential advantages to its users. A lot of concerns have been raised regarding the ethical issues that arise from telenursing. This paper focuses on the advantages and disadvantages of telenursing, discusses the ethical issues and legal requirements related to patient’s privacy and confidentiality.
Patients suffering from chronic diseases and congestive heart failure have been using the program due to its benefits. They acknowledge that telenursing technology has continuously sought to improve the lifestyle of the people. Telenursing has been able to address the issue of the shortage of nurses. Nurses who are registered are not enough to serve everyone, therefore, making telenursing a good alternative. Through telenursing a nurse can provide monitoring, education, follow-up, remote data collection, remote interventions, pain management, family support, and multidisciplinary care in an innovative fashion (Peck, 2005). The nurses through the use of telephones, audios and videos assess the progress of their patient from time to time. This has led to the provision of health services to patients regardless of the distance; leading to a reduction in the death numbers annually. The nurse has been given the advantage of attending to their duties since they can monitor the sick from home. This has reduced the long working hours associated with the medical field. Telehealth allows people to remain in their own homes, monitoring their chronic diseases in real time while supported by healthcare professionals who review the results and contact patients when necessary (Scullion, 2014).
Telenursing has also eased the burden of financial strain. Most patients who suffer from chronic diseases tend to be hospitalized for long periods of time amounting to high medical expenses. People that lack medical insurance cannot afford to pay, end up dying in their homes. The use of telenursing will check on the medical expenses leading to people getting better healthcare services that are much-needed.
The travelling expenses incurred during doctor’s appointments and checkups will also be curbed. The patients using the technology showed some level of satisfaction. The patients who have at one time used telenursing seem not to mind using it again. They state that though the nurse is not physically there, they can communicate their fears and how they are feeling; leading to treatment and encouragement where possible. Using telenursing is also convenient both for the patient and the nurse. The nurse while in the office can communicate to the patient at any time enhancing the satisfaction.
The disadvantages that come with telenursing could lead to complaints among the patients due to lack of face to face communication with the nurses. The program enables a patient to talk to their nurse through videos, leading to some patient's feeling alone. Most patients would miss the personal care that a professional nurse has to offer. Just seeing the nurse around and talking to them makes the patient feel appreciated and well taken care of. Patients using telenursing miss...
References: Merrell, R. C., Cone, S. W., & Rafiq, A. (2008). Telemedicine in extreme conditions: disasters, war, remote sites. Studies in health technology and informatics, 131, 99-116.
Peck, A. (2005). Changing the face of standard nursing practice through telehealth and telenursing. Nursing administration quarterly, 29(4), 339-343.
Scullion, J. (2014). Placing a value on telehealth. Primary Health Care, 24(3), 12.
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