Technical Education Scenario in India -Impact,
Success Till Now and Challenges
Quite afresh, I engaged in a healthy conversation with my teacher who was very cynical about the condition of technical education in India. She asked me a very simple question- why is a majority of the modern research activity taking place in the US itself and not in countries with much more population like India? I had an expeditious reply to this question in my mind and I quickly said that it's because of the lower literacy rate here. She then did some statistical data analysis for me and continued that in spite of that, India boasts of a larger populace of educated men and women than America and added that this still doesn't concern the research and development comparison between both the countries. I, again, was impetuous in my remark that there are fewer incentives and very less scope in India as compared to that present in the US. I don't know if I was marginally right or not, but she again looked up Wikipedia and told that we had an immeasurable number of technical universities and colleges as compared to the "developed" countries and hence, obviously, humongous workforce to implement proper education. I felt lost with the facts that I was facing. Everything seems so nicely set up and the cogwheels seem to be working quite perfectly, but still the result that comes out of this ‘education machine' is quite diddly when compared to the contemporary giants in the same context.
Technical Education plays a crucial role in the growth of human resources by generating skilled manpower, enhancing industrial productivity and the quality of life. Technical education offers courses and programmes in engineering, technology, management, architecture, town planning, pharmacy, applied arts, hotel management and catering technology. Technical education in India is coordinated by the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), which is the statutory body for proper planning and development of the technical education system. Over the years India has registered a substantial performance in technical education, which is being further accelerated by the policy of economic reforms and liberalisation. Indian policy makers have recognized the importance of technical education for nation building and have provided full policy support and public funding to create one of the world's largest technical education systems. Subsequently, measures are being taken to improve the quality of technical education by greater use of technology in the teaching-learning processes. Engineering and technical education has been a driving force for human development in the wider sense and has an impact on technological development and competitiveness. However, most technical institutions/universities have not been able to maintain high standards of engineering education and are unable to keep pace with international developments. The lag is attributed to limited financial support from the government and a slew of controls.
I feel the need to cite these lines from a related article in Wikipedia regarding technical education in India-"The number of graduates coming out of technical colleges increased to over 700,000 in 2011 from 550,000 in FY 2010. However, 75% of technical graduates and more than 85% of general graduates are unemployable by India's high-growth global industries, including information technology." With the planning commission doing much of the requisite which can be done on their part to better the tech education scenario in India, and various institutions being deemed of national importance, like the IITs and IIITs etc., there is not much we can blame the government with for the output that we are getting of all the hefty investment in the technical education sector. At present, India is generating a technical manpower of about 10 lakh but still ranks very low in HDI or knowledge economy index.
Any student in one of these technical...
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