Sustainable Development

Topics: Sustainability, Ecology, Natural environment Pages: 4 (1022 words) Published: July 17, 2013
The word 'sustainable' means maintainable or bearable. Hence sustainable development refers to that development which may be prolonged for a considerable period of time or which may be bear­able by the system and the society.

It refers to a type of development that meets the needs of the present generation, maintains same level of development for a longer period of time, conserves the existing re­sources for the future generation so that same level of development could continue and causes very little or no damage to the environment.

As the bio-physical system has a limit to assimilate input, output cannot be indefinitely raised. After a certain limit production not only becomes uneconomical but it causes damage to the environ­ment. Accordingly the sustainable development has been defined as a production System in which tech­nological and management inputs do not adversely affect the bio-physical system (Chattopadhyay and Carpenter, 1991). Sustainable development of natu­ral resources usually means exploitation of resources up to that limit which could be recouped by the natural system and help in raising the quality of life of the people. Hence, environment and human be­ings are the two sides of the same coin of sustainable development.

The World Commission on Environment and Development established by the United Nations has defined sustainable development as "development that meets the needs of the present without compro­mising the ability of the future generations to meet their own needs." The essential needs of the world's poor has been emphasised as the priority. Therefore, the two crucial objectives of sustainable develop­ment are: (i) satisfaction of basic human needs, and (ii) ensure survival of human beings and all living creatures.

The UNEP, ICUN and WWF have em­phasised on these two objectives while defining sustainable development as 'improving the quality of human life while living within the carrying capac­ity of supporting ecosystem.'...
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