The range of personal factors can be influenced in both the positive and negative with regards to a child’s or young person’s development these can include:-
The social situation i.e. where and how they live, for example, if a child is brought up in poverty and or other related problems such as poor housing a child’s educational success can be affected as there is little money available or facilities for the child to access so that they can support their learning out of an educational environment, there is often little parental support. The lack of success can often be due to problems involving language and communication skills. The quality of the relationship of the parent and child, also the parenting skills will have a noticeable effect on the development of the child, i.e. a child brought up in an environment where they are respected and loved will learn best.
Family circumstance such as divorce, domestic violence, SEN siblings may have a negative effect, or where both parents work this should have a positive effect as they are good role model’s but it could also have a negative effect by causing separation anxiety.
Poor diet, lack of sleep will impact on development as will health issues such as hearing, sight and speech impediments other conditions like asthma, diabetes and cancer will cause developmental issues as the child will possibly miss many days of school for hospital appointments etc. Children that have dyslexia and dyspraxia will also suffer from developmental delays.
If a child lives in a family where an adult has mental health or other health issues the adult is likely to need a lot of support and often rely on the child to provide this thus the child becomes the carer and takes on the role of the adult, this will affect the child emotionally and they may find it difficult to interact and relate to their peers, their academic work may suffer