11IB English B
2 April 2015
Summary: Treatment of Maori
Intolerance towards indigenous people is typical colonial societies. European colonists settled in New Zealand justified their exploitation and enslavement as culturing and civilizing native people which were regarded as uncivilized people by European colonists (mainly British people). In New Zealand, Māori, as individuals and communities, were the subject of racism and discrimination when Europeans immigrants (Pakeha) first came to New Zealand (“Ethic and religious intolerance”). Maori gave the initial welcome which was “soon strained as more and more of the arrivals began to ignore Maori jurisdiction and act as if they were a law unto themselves” (Treaty of Waitangi Questions and Answers 9). The discrimination towards Maori partly based on the assumption of cultural superiority of European colonists. The conversion of Māori to Christianity, the growing dominance of the land and the institutions of the New Zealand state were based on beliefs about the superiority of European civilization and the perceived backwardness of Māori culture. So the lawlessness of Pakeha provoked public anger among indigenous people. Partly for humanitarian reasons, but primarily to protect British trade interests, the British government appointed James Busby to act as British Resident in New Zealand. The Declaration of Independence, which was signed on October 28, 1835 between Busby and rangatira, clarified that “no separate legislative authority” would be allowed in the country unless appointed by rangatira “in congress assembled.” (Treaty of Waitangi Questions and Answers 9) Besides, the Treaty of Waitangi is an agreement signed on February 6, 1840, by Captain Hobson, representing Queen Victoria, and by more than 500 Maori rangatira (chiefs), which “enabled the peaceful acquisition of land for settlement purposes and ensured that immigrants could come and live here in peace” and regulated Pakeha’s...
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