FIVE POINTS SUMMARY OF THE ARTICLE; “AN INTRODUCTION TO
THE THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE” BY NOAH LEMOS.
The writer basically introduced the traditional account of knowledge which states that knowledge is Justified True Belief (J T B).Thus he emphasized that there are three senses of the word “knows”(that is Knowledge), they are; First, Propositional knowledge (a relationship that exists between a subject and a true proposition). Second, Acquaintance knowledge. And third, “How to” knowledge. 2.
Noah made a clear distinction between propositional knowledge and other forms of knowledge (as listed in the second point above) giving preference to Propositional knowledge due to the facts that it is truth focused and that Philosophers are basically concerned with what is true. 3.
Moreover, the writer discussed the concepts of Belief, Truth, and epistemic Justification. In his discussion on belief, he stressed that in considering any proposition, three diversified attitudes are obtainable; First, we can accept or believe that the proposition is true. Second, believe its negation. Third, withhold our belief in it. 4.
Noah also noted that knowledge requires either “dispositional” or “occurrent” beliefs and that “belief range in intensity or strength from complete and firm conviction to tentative and cautious acceptance. 5.
While discussing truth, He emphasized that there are basically three theories of truth (the correspondence theory, the pragmatic theory, and the coherence theory). On epistemic justification, he noted six general points (the kind justification knowledge requires is epistemic justification, a proposition can be true and not justified, a proposition can be justified and not true, a distinction must be made between a proposition’s being justified and the person justifying it, justification is relative, unlike truth, and lastly that epistemic justification come s in degrees).
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