Study Outline
Chapter 3: Federalism

I. Governmental structure
A. Federalism: good or bad?
A.1. Definition: political system with local governmental units, in addition to national one, that can make final decisions
A.2. Examples of federal governments: Canada, India, and Germany
A.3. Examples of unitary governments: France, Great Britain, and Italy
A.4. Special protection of subnational governments in federal system is the result of:
A.4.a. Constitution of country
A.4.b. Habits, preferences, and dispositions of citizens
A.4.c. Distribution of political power in society
A.5. National government largely does not govern individuals directly but gets states to do so in keeping with national policy
A.6. Negative views: block progress and protect powerful local interests
A.6.a. Laski: states "poisonous and parasitic"
A.6.b. Riker: perpetuation of racism
A.7. Positive view: Elazar: strength, flexibility, and liberty
A.8. Federalism makes good and bad effects possible
A.8.a. Different political groups with different political purposes come to power in different places
A.8.b. Federalist No. 10: small political units dominated by single political faction
B. Increased political activity
B.1. Most obvious effect of federalism: facilitates mobilization of political activity
B.2. Federalism lowers the cost of political organization at the local level.
II. The Founding
A. A bold, new plan to protect personal liberty
A.1. Founders believed that neither national nor state government would have authority over the other because power derives from the people, who shift their support.
A.2. New plan had no historical precedent.
A.3. Tenth Amendment was added as an afterthought, to define the power of states
B. Elastic language in Article I: necessary and proper
B.1. Precise definitions of powers politically impossible because of competing interests, such as commerce
B.2. Hence vague language--"necessary and proper"
B.3. Hamilton's view: national

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Chapter 3 The Renaissance 1485 – 1660 B. Introducing Political Points of View 1. 2. Francis bacon rose to his chosen profession, the law, until he reached the very top and became Lord Chancellor. At the height of his political career, he was found guilty of taking bribes and was removed from office. Bacon made an important contribution to many different branches of government: political science, economics, physics, literature, architecture, and etc. Bacon’s is most famous for his vision of humanity’s…

    • 2624 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Apush Chapter 3 Outline

    • 725 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Commonwealth 1. Separatist Pilgrims extremists, “purest puritans” a. Sought to reform the Church of England b. 1629 parliament sanctioned anti-Puritan persecution of Archbishop William Laud. 2. Non-Separatist puritans secured charter 3. Massachusetts Bay enterprise was thriving. a. expedition 1630, eleven vessels carrying almost a thousand immigrants…

    • 725 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Ap Micro Chapter 3 Outline

    • 3143 Words
    • 13 Pages

    AP Microeconomics – Chapter 3 Outline I. Learning Objectives – In this chapter students should learn: A. What demand is and how it can change. B. What supply is and how it can change. C. How supply and demand interact to determine market equilibrium. D. How changes in supply and demand affect equilibrium prices and quantities. E. What government‐set prices are and how they can cause product surpluses and shortages. II. Markets A. A market, as introduced in Chapter 2, is an institution or mechanism that brings…

    • 3143 Words
    • 13 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Federalism

    • 4914 Words
    • 20 Pages

    THE FEDERALISM SYSTEM Federalism in the United States is a complex and ever-changing network of relations between national, state, and local governments. Federalism requires that state and local governments play a role in nearly every policy area. To fight the War on Terror, for example, the FBI, a federal organization, seeks to cooperate with state and local police forces. Worries about an impending avian flu epidemic have state health agencies and local hospitals working with the Centers for…

    • 4914 Words
    • 20 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Outline for Chapter 3 Income Sources Gross income= all income received, less exclusions from income. All inclusive income concept (all income received is taxable unless a specific provision in the tax law either excludes the income from taxation or defers its recognition to a future tax year) provides the basis for calculating gross income. Realization (no income or loss is recognized until it has been realized. A realization involves a changing in the form and/or substance of a taxpayers property…

    • 2557 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Ap World Chapter 3 Outline

    • 1513 Words
    • 7 Pages

    AP World History - Stearns Chapter 3 – Classical Civilization: India I. Introduction – difference vs. China a. China focus on politics/related philosophies vs. India focus on religion/social structure b. Less cohesive political structure c. Both were agricultural societies, localist flavor, male ownership, patriarchal, trade II. The Framework for Indian History: Geography and a Formative Period a. Closer to other civilizations 1. Influenced by Middle East/Mediterranean 2. Persian…

    • 1513 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Federalism

    • 772 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Federalism What’s Important? Focus on Power/Autonomy and Money The Supremacy Clause Article VI of the Constitution: The Constitution and the laws of the U.S. are the “supreme law of the land” Federalism—Key Questions * 1. What does the “Supremacy Clause” really mean? * 2. How much “power” does Congress (or the national government, generally) have, particularly to “regulate” interstate commerce under Article I, Section 8? * What “power(s)” do states on their own still…

    • 772 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Chapter 18, Section 3: The Radical Days of the Revolution I. Introduction 1. In 1793, the revolution entered a radical phase. For a year, France experienced one of the bloodiest regimes in its long history as determined leaders sought to extend and preserve the revolution. II. The Monarchy Is Abolished 1. As the revolution continued, dismal news about the war abroad heightened tensions. Well-trained Prussian forces were cutting down raw French recruits. In addition, royalist officers were deserting…

    • 1527 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    CHAPTER 3 CURRENT ISSUES IN CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY A. The Scientist-Practitioner Model 1. Boulder model, as known as the scientist practitioner model -The model arouse from the Boulder, Colorado clinical psychology conference held in 1949. -The predominant training model for clinical psychologists. This model strives to produce professionals who integrate the roles of scientist and practitioner (i.e., who practice psychotherapy with skill and sensitivity and conduct research on the hypotheses…

    • 438 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Federalism

    • 960 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Brittany Sikora Intro to American Gov. 3/12/12 Essay # 1 Due to the immense power of our federal government, people often argue that it is too powerful and should be lessened. Since the 1990’s there has been an effort to shift power from the federal government to the states. States’ rights have been an issue since our country was first founded, and even now we can’t seem to please everyone’s requests at equal power. This country was founded with the attempt to separate the…

    • 960 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays