Stop AIDS in Prison Act
Stop AIDS in Prison Act of 2006 briefly introduces the issues related to the bill. These issues will be identified in this paper. Representative Maxine Waters introduces the bill; the history initial development, and the reason for introducing the bill however, these issues will be further discussed. The bill is introduced in order to stop AIDS in the prison system. The bill presents three sections which are the short title, the comprehensive HIV/AIDS policy, and the requirements for the policy. Research relevant to HIV/AIDS will be presented. The social, economic, political and ethical considerations that may impact human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) will be discussed. The interest groups in favor of the bill and the interest groups not in favor of the bill will be discussed. The nursing perspective will be discussed regarding the bill and recommendations about the bill will be provided. Keywords: policy, HIV/AIDS, bill
Introduction of the Problem/Issue of Stop AIDS in Prison Act of 2006 The Stop AIDS in Prison Act of 2006 was introduced by Representative Maxine Waters. The bill was introduced for an effective (HIV) human immunodeficiency virus (AIDS) acquired immunodeficiency syndrome program in the federal prison system. The main goal is to stop AIDS in federal prisons. In the Stop AIDS in Prison Act of 2006 a comprehensive policy must be developed for testing, treatment, and prevention of HIV/AIDS for inmates upon reentry and within the prisons. This paper will provide data, history, and the initial development of the bill. This paper will provide input on the proponent and opponent views; while also giving input on nursing prospective concerning the issue of the main topic of the bill. Policy recommendations will be discussed. A complete overview of the bill is presented with different perspectives on the goal to stop HIV/AIDS in prison. The Stop AIDs in Prison Act H. R. 895 was introduced on September 6, 2006 in the House of Representatives 113th Congress. At the present time the bill has been introduced in the House of Congress. There is a need for action on this bill because “Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the precursor to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), is prevalent in the United States” (Alghazo, Upton, & Cioe, 2011, p. 43). According to Alghazo, Upton, and Cioe (2011) AIDS is incurable and is caused by a virus (HIV), the virus can be transmitted by exposure to a person's bodily fluids Cohen diary as cited in (Alghazo, Upton, & Cioe, 2011).
Background/Significance and Scope of the Problem
There are a number of individuals who enter the prison system that's infected with HIV; this leaves an opportunity for HIV testing in inmates upon entering the prison (Prevalence, 2013). It is suggested that inmates that entered the North Carolina Department of Public Safety between 2008 and 2009 were tested for HIV during assessment (Prevalence, 2013). During this assessment excess blood was tested in groups for HIV antibodies (Prevalence, 2013). The article also suggest that out of the large number of inmates that entered NC DPS, a very high percent had HIV testing done on blood left behind after syphilis testing was completed (Prevalence, 2013). Out of this number a small percent of inmates were HIV positive and a high percentage were already infected with HIV prior to being locked up (Prevalence, 2013). Research indicate that there’s not that many new cases of HIV which had entered prison system (Prevalence, 2013). Goffman (1990), suggested that the process of admission is like an initiation more like a welcome where inmates are fed into the administrative computers of the institution therefore being exposed to the way the institution (Gagnon, Jacob, & Cormier, 2013). This is where inmates come to realize that must follow procedures...
References: Stop AIDS in Prison Act of 2006 H. R. 895 113th Cong.(2006) Retrieved from http://thomas.loc.gov/home/thomas.php
Alghazo, R., Upton, T
Alorid, L. F., & Marquart, J. W. (2009 ). Officer perceptions of risk of contracting HIV/AIDS in prison: A two state comparison. The Prison Journal, 89(4) 440-459 doi: 10.1177/0032885509349571.
Gagnon, M., Jacob, J. D., & Cormier, L. (2013). Total Control: A critical analysis of mandatory HIV testing in U. S. prisons. Journal of Forencic Nursing, 9 (3) 154 doi: 10.1097/JFN.0b013e31827a1f66.
Jurgens, R., Ball, A., & Verster, A. (2009). Interventions to reduce HIV transmission related ot injection drug use in prison. Lancet Infectious Disease, 9 (1) 57-66 Retrieved from http://www.mediscript.ltd.uk/contact.htm.
Mullins, I. L. (2009). How caring for persons with HIV/AIDS affects rural nurses. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 30 311-319. doi:10.1080/01612840902754461
Rich, J. D., & Wakerman, S. E. (2010). HIV treatment in US prisons. HIV Therapy, 505 Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/10.2217/hiv.10.35.
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