Speech Pathology

Topics: Speech and language pathology, Swallowing, Dyslexia Pages: 5 (1260 words) Published: February 21, 2013
jessica clare
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due date 03/15/11
Job Description:
A speech pathologist is someone who treats individuals who suffer from speech problems. Usually these communication problems occur from accidents such as, cleft palate, delayed development, mental retardation, hearing loss, emotional problems, cerebral palsy, brain injury, or stroke. Speech pathologists are also called “speech therapists. Speech therapists work with adults as well as children to improve their language skills and academic performance. Speech pathologists’ work involves assessment, diagnosis, and treatment. A typical day of a Speech Pathologist is very hectic and includes written and oral tests. ”They use special instruments to diagnose the nature and extent of impairment and to record and analyze speech, language, and swallowing irregularities.” (Speech pathologist: career profile, about.com guide) Speech pathologists teach individuals with little or no speech how to make sounds and improve their voices or to improve their speech skills to communicate better. Speech pathologists work with individuals who cannot make speech sounds or cannot make them clearly, people who wish to improve their communication impairments, and individuals who have oral motor problems causing eating and swallowing difficulties. Speech therapists work in a variety of work settings like, schools, hospitals, rehabilitation centers, and sometimes in the patients’ home. Certification/ License:

There are many steps to become a speech pathologist. Some educational requirements include a Bachelor’s degree, Master’s degree, and Doctoral degree. Students studying speech pathology will need to receive a bachelor’s degree in communication sciences and disorders. Students will need to do “coursework in Linguistics, phonetics, psychology, math, and general sciences.”(Steps to Become a Speech-Language Pathologist, by Brent Nau) “A masters degree that is accredited by the Council on Academic Accreditation in Audiology and Speech Language Pathology (CAA) is required for students pursuing a career within the speech pathology field.”(Steps to Become a Speech-Language Pathologist, by Brent Nau) Students who want to work as a college professor or in a private practice would have to receive a doctoral degree.

Students must complete 400 hours of supervised clinical experience as part of the education requirements. The supervised clinical experience consists of 25 hours of observation and 375 hours of one on one contact. “A minimum of 325 hours will need to be completed at the end of the graduate level” (Steps to Become a Speech-Language Pathologist, by Brent Nau)

“Once the student has completed all required academic coursework and supervised clinical work they will move into their clinical Fellowship Year (CFY).” (Steps to Become a Speech-Language Pathologist, by Brent Nau) the student must complete 36 weeks of full time clinical practice, like one on one interaction with the client.

To become a certified speech pathologist the student must pass the Praxis exam. “A passing score on the Praxis exam is a requirement for obtaining ASHA Certificate of Clinical Competence in Speech-Language Pathology, a state license, and a state teaching certificate.” (Steps to Become a Speech-Language Pathologist, by Brent Nau) Salary:

The salary of a speech pathologist depends on their educational background, experience, and the type of setting they work in. speech pathologist receive great benefit packages, such as insurance programs, and vacation time. “The median expected salary for a typical speech and language pathologist in the United States is $69,491.” (Salary Wizard, salary.com) Some benefits include: Core Compensation| Median| % of Total|

Base Salary| $69,491 | 71.3% |
|
Bonuses| $49 | Salary Wizard, salary.com
0.0%|
|
|
Value of Benefits|
Social Security| $5,320 | 5.5% |
|
401K/403B| $2,642 | 2.7% |
|
Disability| $487 | 0.5% |...

Cited: "American Speech-Language-Hearing Association." Fact Sheet for Speech-Language Pathology. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2012. <http://www.asha.org/careers/professions/slp/>.
"Speech and Language Pathologist Salary - Salary.com." Salary.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2012. <http://www1.salary.com/speech-pathologist-Salary.html>.
"Speech Pathologist: Career Profile." About.com Career Planning. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2012. <http://careerplanning.about.com/od/occupations/p/speech_path.htm>.
"Steps To Become A Speech-Language Pathologist." Advanced Medical. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2012. <http://www.advanced-medical.net/speech-language-pathology/become-speech-language-pathologist/>.
"Summary." U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2012. <http://www.bls.gov/ooh/healthcare/speech-language-pathologists.htm>.
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