Sociology Theories

Topics: Sociology, Max Weber, Structural functionalism Pages: 2 (470 words) Published: March 31, 2013
Sociology Theories

Sociology can be defined as the science that deals with human relationship. It is the study of how human beings relate with each other, how each individual relationship has been influenced by other people and the patterns which are formed out of their interactive relationships. There are three main theories of sociology; functionalism, conflict theory and symbolic interactionism. These theories are used on a day to day bases in society today wether its in the media, with your peers or even in religion. Symbolic Interactionism is a social theory that focuses on the analysis of the patterns of communication, interpretation and adjustment between individuals(wiki). Symbolic interactionism is on of the major theoretical out look in sociology. This outlook has a long intellectual history, beginning with the german sociologist and economist Max Weber and the American philosopher George H. Mead both who pin point the meaning of human behavior. In society People interpret one another’s behavior and it is these interpretations that form the social bond. For example, why would young people smoke cigarettes even when all studies have points to the dangers of doing so? Because society and their peers promote that smoking is cool and that they can't get harm from smoking. Another example could be symbols and symbols do change such like long hair in males once symbolized rebellion, but now does not.

Functionalism is many people's way to view the world sociologically. There are three main points, which make up a functionalist theory on sociological expression. The first point is that culture is mad up of interacting, interdependent parts. Each of these parts has a function in maintaining the society as a system on the whole. The second point states that shared values and expectations or beliefs among the members of the society help hold the society together. The third point states that these systems have a need for stability and a need to try to...
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