Sociology of Education
Topics: Education in England, Education, Higher education, Teacher, School, History of education / Pages: 7 (1740 words) / Published: Feb 10th, 2013

In this report I will precede to examine the advantages and disadvantages of the 1988 Conservative Education Reform Act and the 1997 New Labour Education Reform. I will discuss the effectiveness of each reform and I will elaborate on the implications for pupils and society.
The 1988 Conservative Education Reform Act established the National Curriculum, the main advantage as cited in Haralambos & Holborn, (2000), was that it set a consistent standard across the country, in an attempt to promote equality. Children were regularly assessed to establish whether they were meeting key stages appropriate to their development, and to determine weaknesses that required improvement. The issue with key stage testing is that pupils feel pressured and stressed by the constant assessments. To ensure equality the National Curriculum teaches the same subjects, throughout the country and has been a considerable success to the education system. The drawback with the national curriculum is that everyone has to study the same subjects; this raises an issue with the lack of individual choice. As referred to in Blundell, (2001) results from the tests were drawn up into league tables which caused an unethical division of the education system. Parents, when selecting a school look at the league tables and this can be very misleading, as some of the best schools in Britain do poor in these league tables.
New vocationalism gave those that were unemployed an opportunity to learn skills required for work. This assisted in tackling unemployment and reducing levels of crime. The disadvantage of the vocational subjects was that the unemployed would be punished, by withdrawing their benefits if they did not achieve. Working class pupils were also often channelled into vocational subjects and consequently not receiving the chance to learn academically. Gender inequalities in the workplace were additionally yielded.
Ofsted (The Office for Standards in Education) was established in this



References: Blundell, J. (2001) Active Sociology for GCSE, Pearson Education Ltd, Essex Haralambos, M., Richardson, J., Taylor, P Moore, S., Aiken, D. & Chapman, S. (2008) Sociology for AQA 3rd ed, Collins, London Ofsted (2012) who we are and what we do Available at: http://www.ofsted.gov.uk/about-us (Accessed on 29th November 2012) Barnard & Burgess A & T, (1996) Sociology Explained, University of Cambridge, Cambridge BBC News (2012) Education and Family Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/new/education (Accessed 4th November 2012) Blundell, J Browne K, (2002) Introducing Sociology for AS Level, Blackwell Publishers, Oxford Crown Copyright (2012) Sure Start Children’s Centres Available at: http://www.education.gov.uk/childrenandyoungpeople/earlylearningandchildcare/delivery/surestart/a0076712/sure-start-children 's-centres (Accessed on 29th November 2012) Giddens A, (2009) Sociology 6th ed, Polity Press, Cambridge Haralambos, M., Richardson, J., Taylor, P. & Yeo, A. (2006) Sociology in Focus for AQA AS Level, Causeway Press Ltd, London Haralambos, M Langley, P., Pilkington, A., Richardson, J. & Haralambos, M. (2005) Sociology in Focus for OCR A2 Level, Pearson Education, Essex Moore, S., Aiken, D Political stuff, (2001) Labour Party Manifestos 1997 Available at: http://www.labour-party.org.uk/manifestos/1997/1997-labour-manifesto.shtml (Accessed 5th November 2012) The Guardian News (2012) The Full Text of Tony Blair’s Speech on Education Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2001/may/23/labour.tonyblair (Accessed on 5th November 2012)

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Sociology of Education
  • Sociology of Education
  • Sociology and Education
  • Sociology of Education
  • Sociology Education
  • Sociology-Education
  • Sociology Education
  • Sociology and Education
  • Sociology Theories on Education
  • Sociology Unequal Education