Sociology Ia

Topics: Crime, Sociology, Criminology Pages: 11 (2603 words) Published: June 20, 2013
Acknowledgement
I would like to acknowledge and thank my teacher Mr. Sewalia for helping me on this school assessment for guiding me, also I would like to thank my parents for the support and lastly , God , for giving me the knowledge and strength .

Introduction

Introduction / Definition of the Research Problem

The community members of Point Pleasant Park, Cunupia belong to mainly two ethnic groups, those people of East Indian descent and those of African descent. There are a few members of the community who are descended from both origins. There are over five hundred members of the community. This community has been in existence over the past thirty years. Although I have not been a personal victim of crime, I am aware that other members of society have been aware or a victim of crime, which led to a desire to investigate whether it is reality in my community.

Statement of the Problem

Are the people in my community in Chagunas aware of the social problem crime, in respect to the causes, consequences and solutions of the growing problem?

Aim and Objectives of Study

* General Objectives of Study
To determine the causes of crime in my area as it impacts on the youths.

* Specific Objectives

-To find out the main causes of crime.

-To determine if crime is a problem in the community.

-To find out what can be done to stop crime.

Literature Review
The study was done by Michael R. Gottfredson and Travis Hirschi. By articulating a general theory of crime and related behaviour, the authors present a new and comprehensive statement of what the criminological enterprise should be about. They argue that prevalent academic criminology—whether sociological, psychological, biological, or economic—has been unable to provide believable explanations of criminal behaviour. The long-discarded classical tradition in criminology was based on choice and free will, and saw crime as the natural consequence of unrestrained human tendencies to seek pleasure and to avoid pain. It concerned itself with the nature of crime and paid little attention to the criminal. The scientific, or disciplinary, tradition is based on causation and determinism, and has dominated twentieth-century criminology. It concerns itself with the nature of the criminal and pays little attention to the crime itself. Though the two traditions are considered incompatible, this book brings classical and modern criminology together by requiring that their conceptions be consistent with each other and with the results of research. The authors explore the essential nature of crime, finding that scientific and popular conceptions of crime are misleading, and they assess the truth of disciplinary claims about crime, concluding that such claims are contrary to the nature of crime and, interestingly enough, to the data produced by the disciplines themselves. They then put forward their own theory of crime, which asserts that the essential element of criminality is the absence of self-control. Persons with high self-control consider the long-term consequences of their behaviour; those with low self-control do not. Such control is learned, usually early in life, and once learned, is highly resistant to change. In the remainder of the book, the authors apply their theory to the persistent problems of criminology. Why are men, adolescents, and minorities more likely than their counterparts to commit criminal acts? What is the role of the school in the causation of delinquency? To what extent could crime be reduced by providing meaningful work? Why do some societies have much lower crime rates than others? Does white-collar crime require its own theory? Is there such a thing as organized crime? In all cases, the theory forces fundamental reconsideration of the conventional wisdom of academies and criminal justice practitioners. The authors conclude by...

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