Sociological Approach

Topics: Sociology, Karl Marx, Marxism Pages: 5 (1190 words) Published: April 5, 2013



| | | | SS1004 | | | | | | Sociology | Assignment 1   Paper - The | | |Sociological Approach | | | |

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1. Define Sociology.

Sociology is defined as not only social problems, but more so the study of the origin, organization, structure, development, and functioning of human society. The study of sociology helps one better understand certain structures and dynamics of society and the patterns and connections between human behaviors and his or her life changes. Sociology also focuses on social aspects such as culture, age, race, sex, religion, economical, political, communities, groups, or organizations, and how they play a role in an individual’s attitude, opportunities, choices, and actions. By understanding sociology, one is able to see how individuals and societies interact. It is an important part to understanding overall relationships and group behaviors.

2. What is the sociological perspective? What are its assumptions and limitations?

Sociological Perspective is the way human behavior is seen in regards to society as a whole. This perspective is a particular way to view the phenomena in regards to sociology. This helps one observe general social patterns in individuals’ behavior and also offers insight into the social world that sometimes goes much deeper than what lies on the surface. Social imagination, coined by C. Wright Mills, is essential to sociological perspective as it requires one to go beyond thinking in terms of an individual and the specific problem, but rather focus on how societal patterns and forces shape individuals and his or her choices. There are, however, assumptions and limitations that go hand in hand with social perspective. These assumptions are that individuals are social beings by nature. One basis for the assumption is when a child enters this world they rely completely on others for survival as they are unable to take care of themselves. Second, it is understood that individuals benefit from working with others in most aspects of life. Another assumption is that for the most part, Individuals are socially determined. All throughout one’s life, they are continuously a product of his or her social environment. It is typical that who one is, how they feel about themselves, and how others treat them are consequences of his or her social environment. The last major assumption is that individuals create, sustain, and change the social structure in which they live their lives. Many feel that so much of his or her life are controlled by outsides factors, they sometimes forget they have the power and ability to change the social group and environment, which will also change the required aspects that go along with it. When rationalizing sociological assumption, it is important to remember the social world is manmade, therefore, can always be changed.

3. Identify four historical figures in Sociology and their key contributions.

During the late eighteenth century, several theorists laid the foundation for sociological thought in Western Europe at a time known as the Age of Reason. Four main theorists who contributed great influence were Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, and Auguste Comte. Karl Marx spent...
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