Sociological perspectives

Topics: Sociology, Marxism, Feminism Pages: 7 (2269 words) Published: July 2, 2014
Uses Sociological terminology to explain the principle sociological perspectives (P1)
Sociological Perspectives for Health and Social Care
In this assignment the writer will understand and acknowledge the sociological perspectives and the approaches of sociology in the health and social care sector. The essayist will also consider the concepts of sociology within health and social care while exploring the dimensions of health and illness. Sociology is the study of how the society is organised and how individuals experience life, it is also based on global issues that may affect the living beings. Sociology helps understand the structure and the dynamics of society and the connections between human behaviour and individual life changes. It examines ways in which the forms of social structure, groups, organisations, communities and other various social interactions with how they affect attitudes, actions and opportunities. Below is the terminology of terms that are related to the health and social care sector and are in relation to the perspectives for sociology. Social structure is the orderly organisation of the social and statues in the society. It is also the degree of regularity in the form of how people act towards each other in the given group. The family is a group that helps form, establish or regularise the sexual or procreative function. The primary group is made up of two parents and at least one dependent child whereas they bound by a feeling of a family structure. Education system is the term used to embrace formal, informal, non-formal learning Health care services are professional services that are delivered by health care professionals (doctors, nurses, carers, therapists, counsellors). These services may include assessments of health need, planning and coordination of care services, health monitoring, medical administration or supervision and delivery of personal care. Locality is a place, spot or district with or without its own reference to objects or people in it or to occurrences there. Social class is the position in the society or group which might be seen as status Gender is the cultural term which reflects to the social attributes associated with one being male or female. Ethnicity is the sense of culture or nationality where one belongs. Age is used to specify the time that a person or objects has existed since birth or beginning. Socialisation is the term used to describe the process of learning how to behave in society. There are two types of socialisation which are primary and secondary socialisation. Primary socialisation is thesocialisation of children which occurs in the family, secondary socialisation is socialisation that takes place beyond the family. Values are constituent facts of the social structure. There are ideas of experiences whether they are important and they guide a person’s judgement and behaviour. Culture is based on the values, beliefs, language, rituals, customs and rules that may be connected with a particular social group or society. Norms are guidelines or rules that may administer how people or groups in society behave and act. Beliefs are assumptions and convictions that may be held to be true by an individual or groups of people relating to their concepts, events, people and things. P1

In sociology there are six main principal perspectives which are Functionalism, Marxism, Feminism, Interactionism, Postmodernism, Collectivism and New Right. Functionalism
In 1951, Talcott Parsons introduced the Functionalist view which studies the social structure as a whole of how it functions and how each social structure is crucial in the interests of society. Functionalism believes that humans and the society have some basic needs, institutions and governments may be responsible to meet the required needs also the functionalist may consider that they are different kinds of sources that may limit the individual’s behaviour within the chosen society, meaning that the society...
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