Smart Grid and Its Development Related to Security

Topics: Smart grid, Electricity distribution, Electricity generation Pages: 8 (2079 words) Published: June 24, 2013
ABSTRACT
This paper clarifies the value of using smart grid technology. It shade a light on different challenges connected to smart grids that are faced in the world and the solution to manage those problems. The paper also talks about the three key technological components of Smart Grid that includes Personal Energy Management, Distribution Automation, and Advanced Metering Infrastructure. The flow then demonstrate the adoption toward smart grid technology. Moreover, the paper sums up with explanation of the demand for smart grid capability with respect to security issues. Finally demonstrate briefly the key players in smart grid.

INTRODUCTION
The heavy increase in the prices of electricity is noticeable in various countries and This has grabbed an attention in Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI), i.e. AMI provides utilities which allows customers to lesser their monthly electricity bills. Thus, those utilities are becoming more and more interested in using AMI technology. “The utilities have numerous ongoing pilot programs to think the effectiveness of new pricing structures enabled by AMI” (ISO, 2009). There are some factors that have forced the utilities to change their operation strategies in order to improve services they provide. For instance, grid technology has its unique characteristics such as reliability, efficiency, and safety. Other factors consist of improving clients experience and environmental impacts.

ADOPTING A SMART GRID VISION

“Compared to telecom industry, the power sector has not developed remarkably in terms of innovative technologies” (NETL, 2007). 10 years ago, the telecom industry was not advanced as it is nowadays the mobile phones were just used for making calls and other basic usages. However, a remarkable revolution has been made in this industry and now it uses the latest IT technologies that serve its customers. “it is the turn of power sector, as, smart grid by revolutionizing the electric power networks and being almost as powerful as the Internet, is attracting many attentions among various industries (Caitlin, 2010).

There are several challenges and issues that surround transition toward smart grid network: • reliability of supply
• quality.
• pricing
• security
• cross-border power
• consumers' requirements.

By Approaching the new technology of smart grid, all of the above issues can be resolved.

Smart Grid is a system that enables two-way communications between clients and electric power companies. A more detailed definition is “an electrical grid that uses information

and communications technology to gather and act on information, such as information about the behaviors of suppliers and consumers, in an automated fashion to improve the efficiency, reliability, economics, and sustainability of the production and distribution of electricity. ”(Wikipedia) “A Smart Grid is an electricity network that can intelligently integrate the actions of all users connected to it including generators, consumers and those that do both in order to efficiently deliver sustainable, economic and secure electricity supplies.”(Hertzog et al., 2010). “Smart Grid refers to the next generation of electric power that makes use of IT and other high technologies so as to operate intelligently.”(Gurlin Singh Lamba). There has been a serious need to update the power network. “Since 2005 the research projects and government policies focusing on smart grid and next generation electric networks have been carried out.” (Mike and Spaur, 2009).

The key components of the smart grid are Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI), Distribution Automation (DA) and Personal Energy Management (PEM). “It is a secure, scalable, interoperable, intelligent and proven system with the path to future enabling applications for smart grid today.” (Daintree Networks, 2008) In smart grid consumer’s information is received by the electric power company to grant an...

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Security and Privacy Challenges in the Smart Grid by Patrick McDanial and Sean W
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